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Forecasting Financial and Macroeconomic Variables Using Data Reduction Methods: New Empirical Evidence

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  • Huyn Hak Kim

    () (Rutgers University)

  • Norman R. Swanson

    () (Rutgers University)

Abstract

In this paper, we empirically assess the predictive accuracy of a large group of models based on the use of principle components and other shrinkage methods, including Bayesian model averaging and various bagging, boosting, LASSO and related methods Our results suggest that model averaging does not dominate other well designed prediction model specification methods, and that using a combination of factor and other shrinkage methods often yields superior predictions. For example, when using recursive estimation windows, which dominate other windowing" approaches in our experiments, prediction models constructed using pure principal component type models combined with shrinkage methods yield mean square forecast error best models around 70% of the time, when used to predict 11 key macroeconomic indicators at various forecast horizons. Baseline linear models (which winaround 5% of the time) and model averaging methods (which win around 25% of the time) fare substantially worse than our sophisticated nonlinear models. Ancillary findings based on our forecasting experiments underscore the advantages of using recursive estimation strategies, and provide new evidence of the usefulness of yield and yield-spread variables in nonlinear prediction specification.

Suggested Citation

  • Huyn Hak Kim & Norman R. Swanson, 2011. "Forecasting Financial and Macroeconomic Variables Using Data Reduction Methods: New Empirical Evidence," Departmental Working Papers 201119, Rutgers University, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:rut:rutres:201119
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    Cited by:

    1. Marine Carrasco & Barbara Rossi, 2016. "In-Sample Inference and Forecasting in Misspecified Factor Models," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 34(3), pages 313-338, July.
    2. Klaus Wohlrabe & Teresa Buchen, 2014. "Assessing the Macroeconomic Forecasting Performance of Boosting: Evidence for the United States, the Euro Area and Germany," Journal of Forecasting, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 33(4), pages 231-242, July.
    3. Berg, Tim O. & Henzel, Steffen R., 2015. "Point and density forecasts for the euro area using Bayesian VARs," International Journal of Forecasting, Elsevier, vol. 31(4), pages 1067-1095.
    4. Exterkate, Peter & Groenen, Patrick J.F. & Heij, Christiaan & van Dijk, Dick, 2016. "Nonlinear forecasting with many predictors using kernel ridge regression," International Journal of Forecasting, Elsevier, vol. 32(3), pages 736-753.
    5. Tommaso Proietti, 2016. "On the Selection of Common Factors for Macroeconomic Forecasting," Advances in Econometrics,in: Dynamic Factor Models, volume 35, pages 593-628 Emerald Publishing Ltd.
    6. Robert Lehmann & Klaus Wohlrabe, 2017. "Boosting and regional economic forecasting: the case of Germany," Letters in Spatial and Resource Sciences, Springer, vol. 10(2), pages 161-175, July.
    7. R. Lehmann & K. Wohlrabe, 2016. "Looking into the black box of boosting: the case of Germany," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 23(17), pages 1229-1233, November.
    8. Forni, Mario & Giovannelli, Alessandro & Lippi, Marco & Soccorsi, Stefano, 2016. "Dynamic Factor model with infinite dimensional factor space: forecasting," CEPR Discussion Papers 11161, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    9. Döpke, Jörg & Fritsche, Ulrich & Pierdzioch, Christian, 2017. "Predicting recessions with boosted regression trees," International Journal of Forecasting, Elsevier, vol. 33(4), pages 745-759.
    10. Robert Lehmann & Klaus Wohlrabe, 2016. "Boosting und die Prognose der deutschen Industrieproduktion: Was verrät uns der Blick in die Details?," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 69(03), pages 30-33, February.
    11. Smeekes, Stephan & Wijler, Etiënne, 2016. "Macroeconomic Forecasting Using Penalized Regression Methods," Research Memorandum 039, Maastricht University, Graduate School of Business and Economics (GSBE).
    12. repec:eee:intfor:v:34:y:2018:i:2:p:339-354 is not listed on IDEAS
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    14. Alessandro Girardi & Roberto Golinelli & Carmine Pappalardo, 2017. "The role of indicator selection in nowcasting euro-area GDP in pseudo-real time," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 53(1), pages 79-99, August.
    15. Cheng, Xu & Hansen, Bruce E., 2015. "Forecasting with factor-augmented regression: A frequentist model averaging approach," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 186(2), pages 280-293.
    16. repec:eee:intfor:v:34:y:2018:i:3:p:408-430 is not listed on IDEAS
    17. Kuruppuarachchi, Duminda & Premachandra, I.M., 2016. "Information spillover dynamics of the energy futures market sector: A novel common factor approach," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 277-294.
    18. Jiahan Li & Ilias Tsiakas & Wei Wang, 2015. "Predicting Exchange Rates Out of Sample: Can Economic Fundamentals Beat the Random Walk?," Journal of Financial Econometrics, Society for Financial Econometrics, vol. 13(2), pages 293-341.
    19. repec:eee:ecosta:v:4:y:2017:i:c:p:57-69 is not listed on IDEAS
    20. Ning Xu & Jian Hong & Timothy C. G. Fisher, 2016. "Model selection consistency from the perspective of generalization ability and VC theory with an application to Lasso," Papers 1606.00142, arXiv.org.
    21. Jack Fosten, 2016. "Forecast evaluation with factor-augmented models," University of East Anglia School of Economics Working Paper Series 2016-05, School of Economics, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK..
    22. Jianqing Fan & Yuan Ke & Yuan Liao, 2016. "Robust Factor Models with Explanatory Proxies," Papers 1603.07041, arXiv.org.
    23. Maxime Leroux & Rachidi Kotchoni & Dalibor Stevanovic, 2017. "Forecasting economic activity in data-rich environment," EconomiX Working Papers 2017-5, University of Paris Nanterre, EconomiX.
    24. Ouysse, Rachida, 2016. "Bayesian model averaging and principal component regression forecasts in a data rich environment," International Journal of Forecasting, Elsevier, vol. 32(3), pages 763-787.
    25. Corradi, Valentina & Swanson, Norman R., 2014. "Testing for structural stability of factor augmented forecasting models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 182(1), pages 100-118.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    prediction; bagging; boosting; Bayesian model averaging; ridge regression; least angle regression; elastic net and non-negative garotte;

    JEL classification:

    • G1 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets

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