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Forecasting Macroeconomic Variables Using Data Dimension Reduction Methods: The Case of Korea

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  • Hyun Hak Kim

    () (Macroeconomics Team, Economic Research Institute, The Bank of Korea)

Abstract

This paper investigates the usefulness of the factor model, which extracts latent information from a large set of data, in forecasting Korean macroeconomic variables. In addition to the well-known principal component analysis (PCA), we apply sparse principal component analysis (SPCA) to build a parsimonious model, and combine the estimated factors with various shrinkage methods, following Stock and Watson (2012) and Kim and Swanson (2013a), to forecast CPI inflation, GDP growth, exports, consumption and gross capital formation (GCF) of Korea from 2003:01 to 2012:12. Our major findings are that, in predicting growth rates, various hybrid models outperform benchmark models including an autoregressive model, and that this result becomes clearer as the forecast horizons lengthens. Specifically, in forecasting for more volatile periods like the global financial crisis during 2008-09, various hybrid models predict the inflection point better than AR model does. The auxiliary finding is that the main ingredients of Korean macroeconomic variables as indicated by SPCA include interest rates, construction orders received, and employment variables. Surprisingly, the monetary aggregates or price variables are never found to contribute to the principal components in our experiment.

Suggested Citation

  • Hyun Hak Kim, 2013. "Forecasting Macroeconomic Variables Using Data Dimension Reduction Methods: The Case of Korea," Working Papers 2013-26, Economic Research Institute, Bank of Korea.
  • Handle: RePEc:bok:wpaper:1326
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    Cited by:

    1. Hyeongwoo Kim & Hyun Hak Kim & Wen Shi, 2015. "Forecasting Financial Stress Indices in Korea: A Factor Model Approach," Working Papers 2015-30, Economic Research Institute, Bank of Korea.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Prediction; Sparse Principal Component Analysis; Bagging; Boosting; Bayesian Model Averaging; Ridge Regression; Least Angle Regression; Elastic Net And Non-Negative Garrote;

    JEL classification:

    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models
    • C53 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Forecasting and Prediction Models; Simulation Methods
    • G17 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Financial Forecasting and Simulation

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