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Productivity Dynamics and the Role of “Big-Box” Entrants in Retailing

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  • Maican, Florin

    (Department of Economics, School of Business, Economics and Law, Göteborg University)

  • Orth, Matilda

    (Department of Economics, School of Business, Economics and Law, Göteborg University)

Abstract

Entry of large (“big-box”) stores along with a drastic fall in the total number of stores is a striking trend in retail markets. In this paper we provide a dynamic structural model, controlling for unobserved prices and local market characteristics, to estimate total factor productivity in retail markets. Then we evaluate how increased competition from large entrants influences incumbents’ productivity in local markets. Using detailed data on retail food stores in Sweden, we find that net entry substantially contributes to industry productivity growth. In local markets, productivity dispersion increases as a consequence of large entrants, i.e., low productive incumbents become less productive whereas high productive incumbents become more productive. We conclude that large entrants play a central role in explaining productivity differences across stores.

Suggested Citation

  • Maican, Florin & Orth, Matilda, 2008. "Productivity Dynamics and the Role of “Big-Box” Entrants in Retailing," Working Papers in Economics 328, University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:hhs:gunwpe:0328
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    Cited by:

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    3. Rudholm, Niklas & Li, Yuijao & Kenneth, Carling, 2018. "How Does Big-Box Entry Affect Labor Productivity in Durable Goods Retailing? A Synthetic Control Approach," HUI Working Papers 130, HUI Research.
    4. Lindström, Hanna, 2021. "Price transmission for organic and conventional milk products in Sweden," HFI Working Papers 22, Institute of Retail Economics (Handelns Forskningsinstitut).
    5. Meinen, Philipp & Raff, Horst, 2018. "International trade and retail market performance and structure: Theory and empirical evidence," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 115(C), pages 99-114.
    6. Maican, Florin & Orth, Matilda, 2015. "A dynamic analysis of entry regulations and productivity in retail trade," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 67-80.
    7. Yujiao Li & Johan Håkansson & Oana Mihaescu & Niklas Rudholm, 2019. "Agglomeration economies in urban retailing: are there productivity spillovers when big-box retailers enter urban markets?," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 26(19), pages 1586-1589, November.
    8. Lindström, Hanna, 2021. "Price transmission for organic and conventional milk products in Sweden," Umeå Economic Studies 999, Umeå University, Department of Economics.
    9. Maican, Florin G., 2012. "From Boom to Bust and Back Again: A dynamic analysis of IT services," Working Papers in Economics 543, University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics.
    10. Klaesson, Johan & Nilsson, Helena, 2020. "Entry of malls and exit of stores - The role of distance and economic geography," HFI Working Papers 12, Institute of Retail Economics (Handelns Forskningsinstitut).
    11. Ana Cristina Soares & Philipp Meinen, 2021. "Markups and Financial Shocks," Working Papers w202122, Banco de Portugal, Economics and Research Department.
    12. Zeng, Shuwei & Gould, Brian & Thorne, Fiona & Laepple, Doris, "undated". "EU Milk Quota Elimination: Has the Productivity of Irish Dairy Farms Been Impacted?," 2017 Annual Meeting, July 30-August 1, Chicago, Illinois 261218, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    13. Håkansson, Johan & Li, Yujiao & Mihaescu, Oana & Rudholm, Niklas, 2016. "Big-box retail entry in urban and rural areas: Are there productivity spillovers to incumbent retailers?," HUI Working Papers 118, HUI Research.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Retail markets; Imperfect competition; Industry dynamics; TFP; Space productivity; Dynamic structural model;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C24 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Truncated and Censored Models; Switching Regression Models; Threshold Regression Models
    • L11 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Production, Pricing, and Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms
    • O30 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - General

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