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Does Planning Regulation Protect Independent Retailers?

Author

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  • Raffaella Sadun

    (Harvard Business School, Centre for Economic Performance, NBER and CEPR)

Abstract

Regulations curbing the entry of large retail stores have been introduced in many countries to protect independent retailers. Analyzing a planning reform launched in the United Kingdom in the 1990s, I show that independent retailers were actually harmed by the creation of entry barriers against large stores. This is because the entry barriers created the incentive for large retail chains to invest in smaller and more centrally located formats, which competed more directly with independents and accelerated their decline. Overall, these findings suggest that restricting the entry of large stores may exert negative competitive effects on independent retailers.

Suggested Citation

  • Raffaella Sadun, 2015. "Does Planning Regulation Protect Independent Retailers?," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 97(5), pages 983-1001, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:tpr:restat:v:97:y:2015:i:5:p:983-1001
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Zoning; Location; Retail; Regulation;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • K2 - Law and Economics - - Regulation and Business Law
    • L10 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - General
    • L81 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Retail and Wholesale Trade; e-Commerce
    • L51 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - Economics of Regulation

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