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Global Value Chains and the Removal of Trade Protection

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  • Bown, Chad P.
  • Erbahar, Aksel
  • Zanardi, Maurizio

Abstract

This paper examines how trade protection is affected by changes in the value-added content of production arising through global value chains (GVCs). Exploiting a new set of WTO rules adopted in 1995 that impose an exogenously-timed requirement for countries to re-evaluate their previously-imposed trade protection, we adopt an instrumental variables strategy and identify the causal effect of GVC integration on the likelihood that a trade barrier is removed. Using a newly constructed dataset of protection removal decisions involving 10 countries, 41 trading partners, and 18 industries over 1995-2013, we find that bilateral, industry-specific domestic value-added growth in foreign production significantly raises the probability of removing a duty. The results are not limited to imports from China but are only found for the protection decisions of high-income countries. Back-of-the-envelope calculations indicate that rapid GVC growth in the 2000s freed almost a third of the trade flows subject to the most common temporary restrictions (i.e., antidumping) applied by high-income countries in 2006.

Suggested Citation

  • Bown, Chad P. & Erbahar, Aksel & Zanardi, Maurizio, 2020. "Global Value Chains and the Removal of Trade Protection," CEPR Discussion Papers 14451, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:14451
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    Cited by:

    1. Chad Brown & Paola Conconi & Aksel Erbahar & Lorenzo Trimarchi, 2020. "Trade Protection Along Supply Chains," Working Papers ECARES 2020-52, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    antidumping; global value chains; tariffs; trade liberalization; WTO;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations

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