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What Type Of Enterprise Forges Close Links With Universities And Government Labs? Evidence From CIS 2

  • Cathy Hoareau
  • Pierre Mohnen

This paper tries to uncover some of the economic factors that encourage firms to seek information from universities and government labs or to collaborate with these institutions. We exploit the information contained in the second Community Innovation Surveys (CIS2) for France, Germany, Ireland and Spain. We estimate an ordered probit model on the importance of knowledge sourcing from universities and government labs controlling for selection bias, and a trivariate probit model explaining the innovation, collaboration in innovation, and collaboration with universities and government labs decisions with twice censored data. R&D-intensive firms and radical innovators tend to source knowledge from universities and government labs but not to cooperate with them directly. Outright collaborations in innovation with universities and government labs is characteristic of large firms, firms that patent or those that receive government support for innovation. Members of an enterprise group tend to cooperate in innovation but not directly with universities or government labs. Cette étude essaye de découvrir quels sont les facteurs économiques qui poussent les entreprises à chercher de l'information pour innover auprès des universités et des laboratoires publics de recherche ou à coopérer avec ces deux institutions. Nous nous servons des données de la seconde vague d'enquêtes communautaires d'innovation européennes (CIS2) pour l'Allemagne, la France, l'Espagne et l'Irlande. Nous estimons, d'une part, un modèle probit ordonné pour les universités et les laboratoires publics de recherche comme sources d'information, en contrôlant pour un biais de sélection et, d'autre part, un modèle probit trivarié pour les décisions successives d'innover, de collaborer et en particulier de collaborer avec les universités et les laboratoires publics de recherche, avec deux censures des données. Nous trouvons que les entreprises intensives en recherche et les innovateurs radicaux vont chercher de l'information auprès des universités et les laboratoires publics mais ne collaborent pas eux. Ces collaborations sont le fait de grandes firmes, d'entreprises breveteuses, et de celles qui reçoivent du support gouvermental pour innover. Des entreprises qui font partie d'un groupe ont tendance à collaborer mais pas nécessairement avec les universités et les laboratoires publics re recherche.

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Paper provided by CIRANO in its series CIRANO Working Papers with number 2002s-25.

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Length: 22 pages
Date of creation: 01 Mar 2002
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:cir:cirwor:2002s-25
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  1. Hall, Browyn H. & Link, Albert N. & Scott, John T., 2000. "Universities as Research Partners," Department of Economics, Working Paper Series qt1np920r9, Department of Economics, Institute for Business and Economic Research, UC Berkeley.
  2. Cassiman, Bruno & Veugelers, Reinhilde, 2001. "R&D cooperation and spillovers: Some empirical evidence," IESE Research Papers D/430, IESE Business School.
  3. James D. Adams & Eric P. Chiang & Jeffrey L. Jensen, 2003. "The Influence of Federal Laboratory R&D on Industrial Research," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 85(4), pages 1003-1020, November.
  4. Duguet, E., 2000. "Knowledge Diffusion, Technological Innovation and TFP Growth at the Firm Level : Evidence from French Manufacturing," Papiers d'Economie Mathématique et Applications 2000.105, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1).
  5. Acs, Zoltan J & Audretsch, David B & Feldman, Maryann P, 1994. "R&D Spillovers and Recipient Firm Size," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 76(2), pages 336-40, May.
  6. Cassiman, Bruno & Veugelers, Reinhilde, 2002. "Complementarity in the Innovation Strategy: Internal R&D, External Technology Acquisition and Cooperation," CEPR Discussion Papers 3284, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  7. Jaffe, Adam B, 1989. "Real Effects of Academic Research," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 79(5), pages 957-70, December.
  8. Heckman, James J, 1979. "Sample Selection Bias as a Specification Error," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 47(1), pages 153-61, January.
  9. Audretsch, David B & Vivarelli, Marco, 1994. "Small Firms and R&D Spillovers: Evidence from Italy," CEPR Discussion Papers 927, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  10. Adams, James D, 1990. "Fundamental Stocks of Knowledge and Productivity Growth," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 98(4), pages 673-702, August.
  11. Mansfield, Edwin, 1980. "Basic Research and Productivity Increase in Manufacturing," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 70(5), pages 863-73, December.
  12. Acs, Zoltan J & Audretsch, David B & Feldman, Maryann P, 1992. "Real Effects of Academic Research: Comment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 82(1), pages 363-67, March.
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