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What Type Of Enterprise Forges Close Links With Universities And Government Labs? Evidence From CIS 2


  • Cathy Hoareau
  • Pierre Mohnen


This paper tries to uncover some of the economic factors that encourage firms to seek information from universities and government labs or to collaborate with these institutions. We exploit the information contained in the second Community Innovation Surveys (CIS2) for France, Germany, Ireland and Spain. We estimate an ordered probit model on the importance of knowledge sourcing from universities and government labs controlling for selection bias, and a trivariate probit model explaining the innovation, collaboration in innovation, and collaboration with universities and government labs decisions with twice censored data. R&D-intensive firms and radical innovators tend to source knowledge from universities and government labs but not to cooperate with them directly. Outright collaborations in innovation with universities and government labs is characteristic of large firms, firms that patent or those that receive government support for innovation. Members of an enterprise group tend to cooperate in innovation but not directly with universities or government labs. Cette étude essaye de découvrir quels sont les facteurs économiques qui poussent les entreprises à chercher de l'information pour innover auprès des universités et des laboratoires publics de recherche ou à coopérer avec ces deux institutions. Nous nous servons des données de la seconde vague d'enquêtes communautaires d'innovation européennes (CIS2) pour l'Allemagne, la France, l'Espagne et l'Irlande. Nous estimons, d'une part, un modèle probit ordonné pour les universités et les laboratoires publics de recherche comme sources d'information, en contrôlant pour un biais de sélection et, d'autre part, un modèle probit trivarié pour les décisions successives d'innover, de collaborer et en particulier de collaborer avec les universités et les laboratoires publics de recherche, avec deux censures des données. Nous trouvons que les entreprises intensives en recherche et les innovateurs radicaux vont chercher de l'information auprès des universités et les laboratoires publics mais ne collaborent pas eux. Ces collaborations sont le fait de grandes firmes, d'entreprises breveteuses, et de celles qui reçoivent du support gouvermental pour innover. Des entreprises qui font partie d'un groupe ont tendance à collaborer mais pas nécessairement avec les universités et les laboratoires publics re recherche.

Suggested Citation

  • Cathy Hoareau & Pierre Mohnen, 2002. "What Type Of Enterprise Forges Close Links With Universities And Government Labs? Evidence From CIS 2," CIRANO Working Papers 2002s-25, CIRANO.
  • Handle: RePEc:cir:cirwor:2002s-25

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Bronwyn H. Hall & Albert N. Link & John T. Scott, 2003. "Universities as Research Partners," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 85(2), pages 485-491, May.
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