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Financial Markets and Financial Leverage in a Two-Country World-Economy

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  • Simon Gilchrist

Abstract

In this paper, we consider the role of financial market imperfections in a simplified version of a twocountry model. We model cross-country financial heterogeneity through differences in leverage. We show that high leverage economies are particularly vulnerable to slow-downs in the world economy. The degree to which leverage magnifies shocks to the world economy depends on the nature of the disturbance. In the presence of the financial accelerator, supply shocks that are capital specific are likely to be less destabilizing than supply shocks that are disembodied.

Suggested Citation

  • Simon Gilchrist, 2003. "Financial Markets and Financial Leverage in a Two-Country World-Economy," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 228, Central Bank of Chile.
  • Handle: RePEc:chb:bcchwp:228
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Mark Gertler & Simon Gilchrist & Fabio M. Natalucci, 2007. "External Constraints on Monetary Policy and the Financial Accelerator," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 39(2-3), pages 295-330, March.
    2. Simon Gilchrist & Jean-Olivier Hairault & Hubert Kempf, 2002. "Monetary policy and the financial accelerator in a monetary union," International Finance Discussion Papers 750, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    3. Faia, Ester, 2002. "Monetary policy in a world with different financial systems," Working Paper Series 0183, European Central Bank.
    4. Calvo, Guillermo A., 1983. "Staggered prices in a utility-maximizing framework," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 12(3), pages 383-398, September.
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    Cited by:

    1. Batini, Nicoletta & Gabriel, Vasco & Levine, Paul, 2010. "A Floating versus managed exchange rate regime in a DSGE model of India," Working Papers 10/70, National Institute of Public Finance and Policy.
    2. Levine, Paul & Pearlman, Joseph, 2011. "Monetary and Fiscal Policy in a DSGE Model of India," Working Papers 11/96, National Institute of Public Finance and Policy.
    3. Olivero, María Pía, 2010. "Market power in banking, countercyclical margins and the international transmission of business cycles," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 80(2), pages 292-301, March.
    4. Vasco J. Gabriel & Paul Levine & Joseph Pearlman & Bo Yang, 2010. "An Estimated DSGE Model of the Indian Economy," NIPE Working Papers 29/2010, NIPE - Universidade do Minho.
    5. Paul Levine, 2012. "Monetary policy in an uncertain world: probability models and the design of robust monetary rules," Indian Growth and Development Review, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 5(1), pages 70-88, April.
    6. Jeroen Rozendaal & Yannick Malevergne & Didier Sornette, 2015. "Macroeconomic Dynamics of Assets, Leverage and Trust," Papers 1512.03618, arXiv.org.
    7. Javier Gómez Pineda, 2004. "A Framework for Macroeconomic Stability in Emerging Market Economies," Borradores de Economia 320, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    8. Nicoletta Batini & Paul Levine, 2008. " Monetary and Fiscal Rules in an Emerging Small Open Economy," CDMA Conference Paper Series 0810, Centre for Dynamic Macroeconomic Analysis.

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