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Large Capital Inflows, Sectoral Allocation, and Economic Performance

Author

Listed:
  • Gianluca Benigno

    (London School of Economics (LSE)
    Centre for Macroeconomics (CFM))

  • Nathan Converse

    (International Finance Division, Federal Reserve Board)

  • Luca Fornaro

    (Centre de Recerca en Economia Internacional (CREI) Barcelona Graduate School of Economics (Barcelona GSE))

Abstract

This paper describes the stylized facts characterizing periods of exceptionally large capital inflows in a sample of 70 middle- and high-income countries over the last 35 years. We identify 155 episodes of large capital inflows and find that these events are typically accompanied by an economic boom and followed by a slump. Moreover, during episodes of large capital inflows capital and labor shift out of the manufacturing sector, especially if the inflows begin during a period of low international interest rates. However, accumulating reserves during the period in which capital inflows are unusually large appears to limit the extent of labor reallocation. Larger credit booms and capital inflows during the episodes we identify increase the probability of a sudden stop occurring during or immediately after the episode. In addition, the severity of the post-inflows recession is significantly related to the extent of labor reallocation during the boom, with a stronger shift of labor out of manufacturing during the inflows episode associated with a sharper contraction in the aftermath of the episode.

Suggested Citation

  • Gianluca Benigno & Nathan Converse & Luca Fornaro, 2015. "Large Capital Inflows, Sectoral Allocation, and Economic Performance," Discussion Papers 1511, Centre for Macroeconomics (CFM).
  • Handle: RePEc:cfm:wpaper:1511
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Capital Flows; Surges; Sectoral Allocation; Sudden Stops;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange
    • F32 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Current Account Adjustment; Short-term Capital Movements
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics
    • O41 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - One, Two, and Multisector Growth Models

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