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Capital Flows to Developing Countries: The Allocation Puzzle

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  • Gourinchas, Pierre-Olivier
  • Jeanne, Olivier

Abstract

According to the consensus view in growth and development economics, cross country differences in per-capita income largely reflect differences in countries' total factor productivity. We argue that this view has powerful implications for patterns of capital flows: everything else equal, countries with faster productivity growth should invest more, and attract more foreign capital. We then show that the pattern of net capital flows across developing countries is not consistent with this prediction. If anything, capital seems to flow more to countries that invest and grow less. We argue that this result - which we call the allocation puzzle - constitutes an important challenge for economic research, and discuss some possible research avenues to solve the puzzle.

Suggested Citation

  • Gourinchas, Pierre-Olivier & Jeanne, Olivier, 2007. "Capital Flows to Developing Countries: The Allocation Puzzle," CEPR Discussion Papers 6561, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:6561
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    capital flows; Lucas puzzle;

    JEL classification:

    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
    • F36 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Financial Aspects of Economic Integration
    • F43 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Economic Growth of Open Economies

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