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Feeding the cities and greenhouse gas emissions: a new economic geography approach

  • Stéphane De Cara

    ()

    (UMR 210 Economie Publique, INRA-AgroParisTech.)

  • Anne Fournier

    (UMR 7235 EconomiX-CNRS, University of Paris Ouest)

  • Carl Gaigné

    (UMR 1302 SMART, INRA)

In this paper, we argue ’buying local’ does not necessarily reduces transport-related greenhouse gas emissions even if transport and production technologies, as well as natural endowment are homogeneous in space. We develop a model of rural-urban systems where the spatial distribution of food production within and between regions is endogenously determined. We exhibit cases where locating a significant share of the food production in the least-urbanized regions results in lower transport-related emissions than in configurations where all regions are self-sufficient (’pure local-food’). In addition, the optimal spatial allocation of food production does not exclude the possibility that some regions should rely solely on local production, provided their urban population sizes are neither too large nor too small.

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File URL: http://ns212578.ovh.net/RePEc/cec/wpaper/11-07_WP_2011-09_De_Cara_Fournier_Gaigne.pdf
File Function: First version, 2011
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Paper provided by Chaire Economie du Climat in its series Working Papers with number 1109.

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Length: 40 pages
Date of creation: Aug 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:cec:wpaper:1109
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://ns212578.ovh.net

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  1. Kristian Behrens & Carl Gaigné & Jacques-François Thisse, 2012. "Industry location and welfare when transport costs are endogenous," Working Papers 170326, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, France.
  2. Karine Daniel & Maureen Kilkenny, 2009. "Agricultural Subsidies and Rural Development," Journal of Agricultural Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 60(3), pages 504-529.
  3. GAIGNE, Carl & RIOU, Stéphane & THISSE, Jacques François, . "Are compact cities environmentally friendly?," CORE Discussion Papers RP -2404, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  4. Carl Gaigné & Stéphane Riou & Jacques-François Thisse, 2012. "Are Compact Cities Environmentally (and Socially) Desirable ?," Cahiers de recherche CREATE 2012-4, CREATE.
  5. Gianmarco Ottaviano & Takatoshi Tabuchi & Jacques-Francois Tissse, 1999. "Agglomeration and Trade Revisited," CIRJE F-Series CIRJE-F-65, CIRJE, Faculty of Economics, University of Tokyo.
  6. Pretty, J.N. & Ball, A.S. & Lang, T. & Morison, J.I.L., 2005. "Farm costs and food miles: An assessment of the full cost of the UK weekly food basket," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 30(1), pages 1-19, February.
  7. PICARD, Pierre & ZENG, Dao-Zhi, 2003. "Agricultural sector and industrial agglomeration," CORE Discussion Papers 2003022, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  8. Henry G. Overman & Diego Puga & Matthew A. Turner, 2008. "Decomposing the growth in residential land in the United States," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 30786, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  9. Takatoshi Tabuchi & Jacques-François Thisse, 2006. "Regional Specialization, Urban Hierarchy, And Commuting Costs," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 47(4), pages 1295-1317, November.
  10. Jean Cavailhes & Carl Gaigne & Jacques-Rrancois Thisse, 2006. "Trade and the structure of cities," KIER Working Papers 623, Kyoto University, Institute of Economic Research.
  11. repec:ags:ulavwp:121692 is not listed on IDEAS
  12. JunJie Wu & Monica Fisher & Unai Pascual, 2011. "Urbanization and the Viability of Local Agricultural Economies," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 87(1), pages 109-125.
  13. Carl Gaigné & Stéphane Riou & Jacques-François Thisse, 2012. "Are compact cities environmentally friendly?," Working Papers 162858, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, France.
  14. repec:inr:wpaper:32349 is not listed on IDEAS
  15. Jean Cavailhes & Carl Gaigné & Takatoshi Tabuchi & Jean-François Thisse, 2012. "Trade and the structure of cities," Working Papers 170328, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, France.
  16. Roberta Sonnino & Terry Marsden, 2006. "Beyond the divide: rethinking relationships between alternative and conventional food networks in Europe," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 6(2), pages 181-199, April.
  17. Xavier Vives, 1990. "Trade Association Disclosure Rules, Incentives to Share Information, and Welfare," RAND Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 21(3), pages 409-430, Autumn.
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