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Urban spatial structure, transport-related emissions and welfare

Author

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  • Laurent Denant-Boèmont

    (CREM - Centre de recherche en économie et management - UNICAEN - Université de Caen Normandie - NU - Normandie Université - UR1 - Université de Rennes 1 - UNIV-RENNES - Université de Rennes - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Carl Gaigné

    () (SMART - Structures et Marché Agricoles, Ressources et Territoires - INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - AGROCAMPUS OUEST)

  • Romain Gaté

    (CREM - Centre de recherche en économie et management - UNICAEN - Université de Caen Normandie - NU - Normandie Université - UR1 - Université de Rennes 1 - UNIV-RENNES - Université de Rennes - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, SMART - Structures et Marché Agricoles, Ressources et Territoires - INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - AGROCAMPUS OUEST)

Abstract

In this paper, we study the effects of urban design on pollution and welfare. We build a theoretical model of residential choices with pollution externalities arising from commuting, where the size of the central business district (CBD) and the demand for housing are endogenous. We show that a polycentric city is desirable from welfare and ecological perspective, provided that travel speed and/or the number of roads directly connected with the CBD are sufficiently high. The spatial extension of cities remains the critical variable to curb transport-related urban pollution.

Suggested Citation

  • Laurent Denant-Boèmont & Carl Gaigné & Romain Gaté, 2018. "Urban spatial structure, transport-related emissions and welfare," Post-Print halshs-01717983, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-01717983
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jeem.2018.01.006
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01717983
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    File URL: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01717983/document
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Urban form; Housing; Travel speed; Carbon emissions; Welfare;

    JEL classification:

    • Q53 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Air Pollution; Water Pollution; Noise; Hazardous Waste; Solid Waste; Recycling
    • R14 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Land Use Patterns
    • R21 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Housing Demand

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