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Transforming Cities with Transit : Transit and Land-Use Integration for Sustainable Urban Development
[Transformando las ciudades con el transporte público : integración del transporte público y el uso del suelo para un desarrollo urbano sostenible]


  • Hiroaki Suzuki
  • Robert Cervero
  • Kanako Iuchi


This study explores the complex process of transit and land-use integration in rapidly growing cities in developing countries. It first identifies barriers to and opportunities for effective coordination of transit infrastructure and urban development. It then recommends a set of policies and implementation measures for overcoming these barriers and exploiting these opportunities. Well-integrated transit and land development create urban forms and spaces that reduce the need for travel by private motorized vehicles. Areas with good access to public transit and well-designed urban spaces that are walkable and bikeable become highly attractive places for people to live, work, learn, play, and interact. Such environments enhance a city's economic competitiveness, reduce local pollution and global greenhouse gas emissions, and promote inclusive development. These goals are at the heart of transit-oriented development (TOD), an urban form that is increasingly important to sustainable urban futures. This book uses a case study approach. It draws lessons from global best-case examples of transit-oriented metropolises that have direct relevance to cities in developing countries and elsewhere that are currently investing in bus rapid transit (BRT) and other high-capacity transit systems. It also reports the results of two original in-depth case studies of rapidly growing and motorizing cities that introduced extended BRT systems: Ahmedabad, India and Bogota, Colombia. Two shorter case studies enrich the understanding of factors that are critical to transforming cities with transit.

Suggested Citation

  • Hiroaki Suzuki & Robert Cervero & Kanako Iuchi, 2013. "Transforming Cities with Transit : Transit and Land-Use Integration for Sustainable Urban Development
    [Transformando las ciudades con el transporte público : integración del transporte público y el
    ," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 12233, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbpubs:12233

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    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Satya Sai Kumar Jillella & Annie Matan & Peter Newman, 2015. "Participatory Sustainability Approach to Value Capture-Based Urban Rail Financing in India through Deliberated Stakeholder Engagement," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 7(7), pages 1-25, June.
    2. Denant-Boemont, Laurent & Gaigné, Carl & Gaté, Romain, 2018. "Urban spatial structure, transport-related emissions and welfare," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 89(C), pages 29-45.
    3. repec:eee:trapol:v:82:y:2019:i:c:p:1-10 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Hiroaki Suzuki & Jin Murakami & Yu-Hung Hong & Beth Tamayose, 2015. "Financing Transit-Oriented Development with Land Values : Adapting Land Value Capture in Developing Countries," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 21286, September.
    5. Rode, Philipp & Floater, Graham & Thomopoulos, Nikolas & Docherty, James & Schwinger, Peter & Mahendra, Anjali & Fang, Wanli, 2014. "Accessibility in cities: transport and urban form," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 60477, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    6. repec:gam:jsusta:v:11:y:2019:i:12:p:3314-:d:240231 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Ahmad, Sohail & Puppim de Oliveira, Jose A., 2016. "Determinants of urban mobility in India: Lessons for promoting sustainable and inclusive urban transportation in developing countries," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 106-114.
    8. Jyothi Chava & Peter Newman, 2016. "Stakeholder Deliberation on Developing Affordable Housing Strategies: Towards Inclusive and Sustainable Transit-Oriented Developments," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(10), pages 1-21, October.
    9. repec:eee:jotrge:v:55:y:2016:i:c:p:40-50 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. repec:eee:transa:v:124:y:2019:i:c:p:419-432 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Lindau, Luis Antonio & Hidalgo, Dario & de Almeida Lobo, Adriana, 2014. "Barriers to planning and implementing Bus Rapid Transit systems," Research in Transportation Economics, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 9-15.
    12. repec:eee:transa:v:116:y:2018:i:c:p:290-307 is not listed on IDEAS
    13. Wiersma, J. & Bertolini, L. & Straatemeier, T., 2017. "Adapting spatial conditions to reduce car dependency in mid-sized ‘post growth’ European city regions: The case of South Limburg, Netherlands," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 62-69.
    14. Zhou, Jiangping, 2016. "The transit metropolis of Chinese characteristics? Literature review, interviews, surveys and case studies," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 115-125.
    15. repec:eee:regeco:v:67:y:2017:i:c:p:64-77 is not listed on IDEAS
    16. Claudia N. Berg & Uwe Deichmann & Yishen Liu & Harris Selod, 2017. "Transport Policies and Development," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 53(4), pages 465-480, April.
    17. repec:gam:jeners:v:11:y:2018:i:3:p:481-:d:133151 is not listed on IDEAS
    18. repec:eee:jotrge:v:73:y:2018:i:c:p:172-184 is not listed on IDEAS
    19. repec:eee:jotrge:v:70:y:2018:i:c:p:215-227 is not listed on IDEAS
    20. repec:eee:socmed:v:232:y:2019:i:c:p:94-105 is not listed on IDEAS
    21. Cervero, Robert & Dai, Danielle, 2014. "BRT TOD: Leveraging transit oriented development with bus rapid transit investments," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 127-138.
    22. Laura Jaitman, 2015. "Urban infrastructure in Latin America and the Caribbean: public policy priorities," Latin American Economic Review, Springer;Centro de Investigaciòn y Docencia Económica (CIDE), vol. 24(1), pages 1-57, December.
    23. repec:gam:jsusta:v:9:y:2017:i:12:p:2166-:d:120381 is not listed on IDEAS


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