IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/oup/jecgeo/v11y2011i5p761-792.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

The greenness of China: household carbon dioxide emissions and urban development

Author

Listed:
  • Siqi Zheng
  • Rui Wang
  • Edward L. Glaeser
  • Matthew E. Kahn

Abstract

China urbanization is associated with both increases in per-capita income and greenhouse gas emissions. This paper uses micro data to rank 74 major Chinese cities with respect to their household carbon footprint. We find that the "greenest" cities based on this criterion are Huaian and Suqian while the "dirtiest" cities are Daqing and Mudanjiang. Even in the dirtiest city (Daqing), a standardized household produces only one-fifth of that in America's greenest city (San Diego). We find that the average January temperature is strongly negatively correlated with a city's household carbon footprint, which suggests that current regional economic development policies that bolster the growth of China's northeastern cities are likely to increase emissions. We use our city specific income elasticity estimates to predict the growth of carbon emissions in China's cities.
(This abstract was borrowed from another version of this item.)

Suggested Citation

  • Siqi Zheng & Rui Wang & Edward L. Glaeser & Matthew E. Kahn, 2011. "The greenness of China: household carbon dioxide emissions and urban development," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 11(5), pages 761-792, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:jecgeo:v:11:y:2011:i:5:p:761-792
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1093/jeg/lbq031
    Download Restriction: Access to full text is restricted to subscribers.

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version below or search for a different version of it.

    Other versions of this item:

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Glaeser, Edward L. & Kahn, Matthew E., 2010. "The greenness of cities: Carbon dioxide emissions and urban development," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 67(3), pages 404-418, May.
    2. Auffhammer, Maximilian & Carson, Richard T., 2008. "Forecasting the path of China's CO2 emissions using province-level information," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 55(3), pages 229-247, May.
    3. Holtz-Eakin, Douglas & Selden, Thomas M., 1995. "Stoking the fires? CO2 emissions and economic growth," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 57(1), pages 85-101, May.
    4. Alberto F. Ades & Edward L. Glaeser, 1995. "Trade and Circuses: Explaining Urban Giants," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 110(1), pages 195-227.
    5. Alexander Pfaff & Shubham Chaudhuri & Howard Nye, 2004. "Household Production and Environmental Kuznets Curves – Examining the Desirability and Feasibility of Substitution," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 27(2), pages 187-200, February.
    6. Nicholas Stern, 2008. "The Economics of Climate Change," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 98(2), pages 1-37, May.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Blog mentions

    As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. Urbanization and Economic Development
      by Matthew E. Kahn in Environmental and Urban Economics on 2012-06-11 03:13:00
    2. “Green People Power” in China
      by Matthew E. Kahn in The Reality-Based Community on 2012-10-29 03:09:57
    3. The Rise of the Low Carbon Consumer City
      by Matthew E. Kahn in Legal Planet on 2013-01-27 02:17:25
    4. My Harvard Business Review Blog Piece on China's Bullet Trains and a History of My Economic Thought About China
      by Matthew Kahn in Environmental and Urban Economics on 2013-04-08 20:50:00
    5. Exploring Green Cities in China
      by Matthew Kahn in Urbanization Project on 2013-04-10 04:17:09
    6. Krugman on Carbon Mitigation, Self Interest and Ideology
      by Matthew Kahn in Environmental and Urban Economics on 2014-06-09 22:37:00
    7. The Economics of City Carbon Footprint Measurement
      by Matthew Kahn in Environmental and Urban Economics on 2016-08-04 22:09:00
    8. Electricity Demand in China
      by Matthew E. Kahn in Environmental and Urban Economics on 2011-12-27 23:01:00
    9. China's Future Green Cities
      by Matthew E. Kahn in Environmental and Urban Economics on 2011-12-02 22:10:00
    10. Some Links for Today
      by Matthew E. Kahn in Environmental and Urban Economics on 2011-08-20 23:13:00
    11. Ranking Cities
      by Matthew E. Kahn in Environmental and Urban Economics on 2011-05-04 09:14:00
    12. China Goes Green?
      by Matthew E. Kahn in Environmental and Urban Economics on 2011-04-02 07:20:00
    13. Ed Glaeser's "Triumph of the City" is Published!
      by Matthew E. Kahn in Environmental and Urban Economics on 2011-02-10 21:15:00
    14. Low Carbon Cities in the U.S and China
      by Matthew Kahn in the reality-based community on 2011-02-26 23:31:17

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Denant-Boemont, Laurent & Gaigné, Carl & Gaté, Romain, 2018. "Urban spatial structure, transport-related emissions and welfare," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 89(C), pages 29-45.
    2. Piet Eichholtz & Nils Kok & John M. Quigley, 2013. "The Economics of Green Building," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 95(1), pages 50-63, March.
    3. Kahn, Matthew E. & Walsh, Randall, 2015. "Cities and the Environment," Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, in: Gilles Duranton & J. V. Henderson & William C. Strange (ed.),Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, edition 1, volume 5, chapter 0, pages 405-465, Elsevier.
    4. Constantin-Marius APOSTOAIE & Costica MIHAI & Alexandru MAXIM, 2015. "A Bibliometric Analysis On Eu And Global Research On The Environmental Impact Of Cities," EURINT, Centre for European Studies, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, vol. 2, pages 9-20.
    5. Haiyan Zhang & Michael L. Lahr, 2018. "Households’ Energy Consumption Change in China: A Multi-Regional Perspective," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(7), pages 1-17, July.
    6. Rainald Borck & Jan K. Brueckner, 2018. "Optimal Energy Taxation in Cities," Journal of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, University of Chicago Press, vol. 5(2), pages 481-516.
    7. Wang, Chen & Engels, Anita & Wang, Zhaohua, 2018. "Overview of research on China's transition to low-carbon development: The role of cities, technologies, industries and the energy system," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 81(P1), pages 1350-1364.
    8. Liu, Xingjian & Wang, Mingshu & Qiang, Wei & Wu, Kang & Wang, Xiaomi, 2020. "Urban form, shrinking cities, and residential carbon emissions: Evidence from Chinese city-regions," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 261(C).
    9. Jianxin Wu & Chunbo Ma, 2019. "The Convergence of China’s Marginal Abatement Cost of CO2: An Emission-Weighted Continuous State Space Approach," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 72(4), pages 1099-1119, April.
    10. Jingkui Zhou, 2011. "Climate change, health and migration in urban China," Frontiers of Economics in China, Springer;Higher Education Press, vol. 6(4), pages 592-615, December.
    11. Hongwu Zhang & Lequan Zhang & Keying Wang & Xunpeng Shi, 2019. "Unveiling Key Drivers of Indirect Carbon Emissions of Chinese Older Households," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(20), pages 1-17, October.
    12. Lina Liu & Jiansheng Qu & Afton Clarke-Sather & Tek Narayan Maraseni & Jiaxing Pang, 2017. "Spatial Variations and Determinants of Per Capita Household CO 2 Emissions (PHCEs) in China," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(7), pages 1-19, July.
    13. Jing Cao, Mun S. Ho, and Huifang Liang, 2016. "Household energy demand in Urban China: Accounting for regional prices and rapid income change," The Energy Journal, International Association for Energy Economics, vol. 0(China Spe).
    14. Du, Limin & Wei, Chu & Cai, Shenghua, 2012. "Economic development and carbon dioxide emissions in China: Provincial panel data analysis," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 23(2), pages 371-384.
    15. Jian-Xin Wu & Ling-Yun He & ZhongXiang Zhang, 2019. "Does China Fall into Poverty-Environment Traps? Evidence from Long-term Income Dynamics and Urban Air Pollution," Working Papers 2019.05, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.
    16. Dorothée Charlier & Bérangère Legendre, 2020. "Carbon Dioxide Emissions and aging: Disentangling behavior from energy efficiency," Working Papers 2020.13, FAERE - French Association of Environmental and Resource Economists.
    17. repec:gam:jsusta:v:7:y:2015:i:12:p:16108-16129:d:59949 is not listed on IDEAS
    18. Yeongjun Yeo & Dongnyok Shim & Jeong-Dong Lee & Jörn Altmann, 2015. "Driving Forces of CO 2 Emissions in Emerging Countries: LMDI Decomposition Analysis on China and India’s Residential Sector," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 7(12), pages 1-22, December.
    19. Sun, Cong & Kahn, Matthew E. & Zheng, Siqi, 2017. "Self-protection investment exacerbates air pollution exposure inequality in urban China," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 131(C), pages 468-474.
    20. Wu, Jianxin & Wu, Yanrui & Se Cheong, Tsun & Yu, Yanni, 2018. "Distribution dynamics of energy intensity in Chinese cities," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 211(C), pages 875-889.
    21. Zheng, Siqi & Wu, Jing & Kahn, Matthew E. & Deng, Yongheng, 2012. "The nascent market for “green” real estate in Beijing," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 56(5), pages 974-984.
    22. Siqi Zheng & Matthew E. Kahn, 2013. "Understanding China's Urban Pollution Dynamics," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 51(3), pages 731-772, September.
    23. Deng, Yongheng & Li, Zhiliang & Quigley, John M., 2012. "Economic returns to energy-efficient investments in the housing market: Evidence from Singapore," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(3), pages 506-515.
    24. Tubadji, Annie & Nijkamp, Peter, 2017. "Green Online vs Green Offline preferences on local public goods trade-offs and house prices," Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 72-86.
    25. Cai, Ye & Pan, Carrie H. & Statman, Meir, 2016. "Why do countries matter so much in corporate social performance?," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 591-609.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:oup:jecgeo:v:11:y:2011:i:5:p:761-792. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Oxford University Press). General contact details of provider: http://joeg.oxfordjournals.org/ .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.