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Property Rights and Gender Bias: Evidence from Land Reform in West Bengal

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Listed:
  • Sonia Bhalotra

    () (University of Essex)

  • Abhishek Chakravarty

    (University of Essex)

  • Dilip Mookherjee

    () (Boston University)

  • Francisco J. Pino

    (University of Chile)

Abstract

While land reforms are typically pursued in order to raise produc tivity and reduce inequality across households, an unintended consequence may be increased within-household gender inequality. We analyse a tenancy registration programme in West Bengal, and find that it increased child survival and reduced fertility. However, we also find that it intensified son preference in families without a first-born son to inherit the land title. These families exhibit no reduction in fertility, an increase in the probability that a subsequent birth is male, and a substantial increase in the survival advantage of subsequent sons over daughters.

Suggested Citation

  • Sonia Bhalotra & Abhishek Chakravarty & Dilip Mookherjee & Francisco J. Pino, "undated". "Property Rights and Gender Bias: Evidence from Land Reform in West Bengal," Boston University - Department of Economics - The Institute for Economic Development Working Papers Series dp-281, Boston University - Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:bos:iedwpr:dp-281
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    File URL: http://www.bu.edu/econ/files/2016/05/PropertyGender_16May2016_ac.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Jean-Philippe Platteau & Guilia Camilotti & Emmanuelle Auriol, 2017. "Eradicating women-hurting customs: What role for social engineering?," WIDER Working Paper Series 145, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    2. Bhalotra, Sonia R. & Clots-Figueras, Irma & Iyer, Lakshmi, 2018. "Religion and Abortion: The Role of Politician Identity," IZA Discussion Papers 11292, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    3. Shreyasee Das & Nayana Bose, 2017. "Intergenerational Effects of Improving Women's Property Rights: Evidence from India," 2017 Papers pda789, Job Market Papers.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Land reform; property rights; gender; infant mortality; sex ratio; fertility;

    JEL classification:

    • I14 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health and Inequality
    • I24 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Education and Inequality
    • J71 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Hiring and Firing
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration

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