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Motivations for Capital Controls and Their Effectiveness

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  • Radhika Pandey
  • Gurnain Pasricha
  • Ila Patnaik
  • Ajay Shah

Abstract

We assess the motivations for changing capital controls and their effectiveness in India, a country with extensive and long-standing controls. We focus on the controls on foreign borrowing that can, in principle, be motivated by macroprudential concerns. We construct a fine-grained data set on capital control actions on foreign borrowing in India. Using event study methodology, we assess the factors that influence these capital control actions, the main factor being the exchange rate. Capital controls are tightened after appreciation, and eased after depreciation, of the exchange rate. Macroprudential concerns, measured by variables that capture systemic risk buildups, do not seem to be a factor shaping the use of capital controls. To assess the impact of controls, we use both event study and propensity score matching methodologies. Event study methodology suggests no impact of capital controls on most variables evaluated, but reveals limited evidence that capital controls relieve currency pressures in the short term. However, even this limited evidence disappears once selection bias is controlled for.

Suggested Citation

  • Radhika Pandey & Gurnain Pasricha & Ila Patnaik & Ajay Shah, 2015. "Motivations for Capital Controls and Their Effectiveness," Staff Working Papers 15-5, Bank of Canada.
  • Handle: RePEc:bca:bocawp:15-5
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Gregory Bauer & Gurnain Pasricha & Rodrigo Sekkel & Yaz Terajima, 2016. "The Global Financial Cycle, Monetary Policies and Macroprudential Regulations in Small, Open Economies," Staff Working Papers 16-38, Bank of Canada.
    2. Milena Kabza & Konrad Kostrzewa, 2016. "Prudential measures in dealing with capital flows – case of Poland," NBP Working Papers 244, Narodowy Bank Polski, Economic Research Department.
    3. R.Kavita Rao & Suranjali Tandon, 2016. "Revisiting the Tax Compliance Problem using Prospect Theory," Working Papers id:11225, eSocialSciences.
    4. repec:wsi:jicepx:v:08:y:2017:i:03:n:s179399331750017x is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Gurnain Pasricha & Matteo Falagiarda & Martin Bijsterbosch & Joshua Aizenman, 2015. "Domestic and Multilateral Effects of Capital Controls in Emerging Markets," Staff Working Papers 15-37, Bank of Canada.
    6. Shekhar Hari Kumar & Ila Patnaik, 2018. "Internationalisation of the Rupee," Working Papers id:12551, eSocialSciences.
    7. Kumar, Shekhar Hari & Patnaik, Ila, 2018. "Internationalisation of the Rupee," Working Papers 18/222, National Institute of Public Finance and Policy.
    8. Patnaik, Ila & Shah, Ajay & Singh, Nirvikar, 2016. "Foreign Currency Borrowing by Indian Firms: Towards a New Policy Framework," Working Papers 16/167, National Institute of Public Finance and Policy.
    9. Rao, R. Kavita & Tandon, Suranjali, 2016. "Revisiting the tax compliance problem using prospect theory," Working Papers 16/169, National Institute of Public Finance and Policy.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    International topics; Financial stability; Exchange rate regimes; Financial system regulation and policies;

    JEL classification:

    • F32 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Current Account Adjustment; Short-term Capital Movements
    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets
    • G18 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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