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The Effects of Phytosanitary Regulations on U.S. Imports of Fresh Fruits and Vegetables

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  • Ferrier, Peyton

Abstract

Since the late 1980s, multilateral and bilateral trade agreements have reduced tariff rates and worked to restrain the arbitrary use of nontariff measures, including sanitary and phytosanitary regulations. U.S. imports of fruits and vegetables have risen steadily during this period as more pathways (specific country-commodity combinations) for legal importation to the United States have gained approval, regulations for gaining import access have been streamlined, and treatment options for phytosanitary issues have been expanded. This report compares 2011 tariff rates with phytosanitary treatments for 29 fruits and vegetables. In general, both tariffs and nontariff phytosanitary measures are relatively small across high-volume import pathways, and there is little evidence to suggest that phytosanitary regulations have a large effect on trade.

Suggested Citation

  • Ferrier, Peyton, 2014. "The Effects of Phytosanitary Regulations on U.S. Imports of Fresh Fruits and Vegetables," Economic Research Report 176199, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:uersrr:176199
    DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.176199
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    File URL: https://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/176199/files/err168.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Zahniser, Steven & Moreno, Adriana H. & Calderón Ruanova, Arturo & Angadjivand, Sahar & Calderón Elizalde, Francisco Javier & Calvin, Linda & López Amador, César & López López, Nicolás Fernando & Vald, 2016. "Opportunities for Making U.S.-Mexico Agricultural Trade More Agile," Economic Information Bulletin 262139, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
    2. Ferrier, Peyton M. & Zhen, Chen, 2017. "The Role of Income in Explaining the Shift from Preserved to Fresh Vegetable Purchases," Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 42(3), September.

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    Keywords

    Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; International Relations/Trade;
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