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Protectionism Indices for Non-Tariff Measures: An Application to Maximum Residue Levels

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  • Li, Yuan
  • Beghin, John C.

Abstract

We propose aggregation indices of Non-Tariff Measures (NTMs) to quantify their protectionism relative to international standards. We apply the indices to national Maximum Residue Limit (MRL) regulations affecting agricultural and food trade and using a science-based criteria embodied in Codex Alimentarius international standards. The approach links two streams of the NTM literature, one concerned with the aggregation of various NTMs into operational indices for econometric and modeling purposes, and the other attempting to evaluate the protectionism of NTMs. The data used in the application come from a large international dataset on veterinary and pesticide MRLs and CODEX MRL standards for a large set of countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Li, Yuan & Beghin, John C., 2013. "Protectionism Indices for Non-Tariff Measures: An Application to Maximum Residue Levels," Working Papers 142503, International Agricultural Trade Research Consortium.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:iatrwp:142503
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    NTMs; non-tariff measures; barriers; protectionism; Maximum residue limit; MRL; International Relations/Trade; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; F13; Q17; Q18;

    JEL classification:

    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations

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