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Protectionism Indices for Non-Tariff Measures: An Application to Maximum Residue Levels

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  • Li, Yuan
  • Beghin, John C.

Abstract

We propose aggregation indices of Non-Tariff Measures (NTMs) to quantify their protectionism relative to international standards. We apply the indices to national Maximum Residue Limit (MRL) regulations affecting agricultural and food trade and using a science-based criteria embodied in Codex Alimentarius international standards. The approach links two streams of the NTM literature, one concerned with the aggregation of various NTMs into operational indices for econometric and modeling purposes, and the other attempting to evaluate the protectionism of NTMs. The data used in the application come from a large international dataset on veterinary and pesticide MRLs and CODEX MRL standards for a large set of countries

Suggested Citation

  • Li, Yuan & Beghin, John C., 2012. "Protectionism Indices for Non-Tariff Measures: An Application to Maximum Residue Levels," Staff General Research Papers Archive 35276, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:isu:genres:35276
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    NTMs; Non-tariff measures; barriers; protectionism; Maximum residue limit; MRL;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • Q13 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Markets and Marketing; Cooperatives; Agribusiness
    • Q18 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy

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