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Quantification of Sanitary, Phytosanitary, and Technical Barriers to Trade for Trade Policy Analysis

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  • John C. Beghin
  • Jean-Christophe Bureau

Abstract

This paper presents promising methodologies for modeling and quantifying non-tariff barriers (NTB) to trade in the agricultural and food sectors. We limit the analysis to sanitary, phytosanitary, and technical regulations that can have an impact on trade and to methods that provide some quantitative estimates of the impact of such barriers on market equilibrium, trade flows, economic efficiency, and welfare. Given the heterogeneous nature of these regulations, a unifying methodology does not exist. Quantification of the effects of such measures has focused on a particular product and has relied on methods that belong to different fields of the economic literature. We provide a concise description and evaluation of the various methods available for a more comprehensive assessment of the impact of NTBs on trade and welfare. We conclude by identifying promising areas for future applied research.

Suggested Citation

  • John C. Beghin & Jean-Christophe Bureau, 2001. "Quantification of Sanitary, Phytosanitary, and Technical Barriers to Trade for Trade Policy Analysis," Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute (FAPRI) Publications (archive only) 01-wp291, Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) at Iowa State University.
  • Handle: RePEc:ias:fpaper:01-wp291
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Falvey, Rodney E, 1989. "Trade, Quality Reputations and Commercial Policy," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 30(3), pages 607-622, August.
    2. Jacques-François Thisse & George Norman (ed.), 1994. "The Economics Of Product Differentiation," Books, Edward Elgar Publishing, volume 0, number 591.
    3. Wesley Nimon & John Beghin, 2017. "Ecolabels And International Trade In The Textile And Apparel Market," World Scientific Book Chapters, in: John Christopher Beghin (ed.), Nontariff Measures and International Trade, chapter 18, pages 321-326, World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
    4. Swann, Peter & Temple, Paul & Shurmer, Mark, 1996. "Standards and Trade Performance: The UK Experience," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 106(438), pages 1297-1313, September.
    5. Mahe, Louis-Pascal, 1997. "Environment and Quality Standards in the WTO: New Protectionism in Agricultural Trade? A European Perspective," European Review of Agricultural Economics, Foundation for the European Review of Agricultural Economics, vol. 24(3-4), pages 480-503.
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