Import Restrictions in the Presence of a Health Risk: An Illustration Using FMD
We present a simple model linking infection risk from imports to a tariff. The risk causes the exporter of the infected product to face a higher tariff than would otherwise be the case. A numerical example is developed for U.S. beef imports from nations with Foot-and-Mouth Disease (FMD). The additional tariffs are sensitive to the specification of risk and the expected magnitude of loss due to an FMD outbreak. For a low risk of importing FMD, the tariffs levied against the exporter of FMD-infected beef are not prohibitive but become so as the risk or expected output loss rises. Copyright 1998, Oxford University Press.
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Volume (Year): 80 (1998)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
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