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Import Restrictions in the Presence of a Health Risk: An Illustration Using FMD

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  • Philip L. Paarlberg
  • John G. Lee

Abstract

We present a simple model linking infection risk from imports to a tariff. The risk causes the exporter of the infected product to face a higher tariff than would otherwise be the case. A numerical example is developed for U.S. beef imports from nations with Foot-and-Mouth Disease (FMD). The additional tariffs are sensitive to the specification of risk and the expected magnitude of loss due to an FMD outbreak. For a low risk of importing FMD, the tariffs levied against the exporter of FMD-infected beef are not prohibitive but become so as the risk or expected output loss rises. Copyright 1998, Oxford University Press.

Suggested Citation

  • Philip L. Paarlberg & John G. Lee, 1998. "Import Restrictions in the Presence of a Health Risk: An Illustration Using FMD," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 80(1), pages 175-183.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:ajagec:v:80:y:1998:i:1:p:175-183
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