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Intra-European Trade of Manufacturing Goods: An Extension of the Gravity Model

Author

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  • Mark Vancauteren

    () (Universiteit Hasselt)

  • Daniel Weiserbs

    () (Université catholique de Louvain)

Abstract

In this paper, we propose and test several extensions of the standard gravity model. This yields a specification that allows for (i) a more flexible income response; (ii) a competitiveness effect with a general and a specific component; and (iii) an alternative and consistent measure of remoteness. Those extensions were found to be significant factors to explain intra-EU trade. Next, we analyze the effect of EU harmonization of technical regulations on domestic and intra-EU trade. We find, at different levels of aggregation of the manufacturing sector, that harmonization of regulations has contributed to more intra-EU trade but, apparently, did not affect the so called border effect.

Suggested Citation

  • Mark Vancauteren & Daniel Weiserbs, 2011. "Intra-European Trade of Manufacturing Goods: An Extension of the Gravity Model," International Econometric Review (IER), Econometric Research Association, vol. 3(1), pages 1-24, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:erh:journl:v:3:y:2011:i:1:p:1-24
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Clougherty, Joseph A. & Grajek, Michał, 2014. "International standards and international trade: Empirical evidence from ISO 9000 diffusion," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 70-82.
    2. Zakaria Sorgho & Bruno Larue, 2014. "Geographical indication regulation and intra-trade in the European Union," Agricultural Economics, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 45(S1), pages 1-12, November.
    3. Joseph A. Clougherty & Michal Grajek, 2009. "ISO 9000: New form of protectionism or common language in international trade?," ESMT Research Working Papers ESMT-09-006, ESMT European School of Management and Technology.
    4. Foletti, Liliana & Shingal, Anirudh, 2014. "Trade effects of MRL harmonization in the EU," Papers 720, World Trade Institute.
    5. Irwan Shah Zainal Abidin & Muhammad Haseeb & Rabiul Islam, 2016. "Regional Integration of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations Economic Community: An Analysis of Malaysia - Association of Southeast Asian Nations Exports," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 6(2), pages 646-652.
    6. Ederington,Josh & Ruta,Michele, 2016. "Non-tariff measures and the world trading system," Policy Research Working Paper Series 7661, The World Bank.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Trade; EU Countries; Gravity Equation; Border Effects.;

    JEL classification:

    • F11 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Neoclassical Models of Trade
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration

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