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The border effect in Spain: The Basque Country case


  • Salvador Gil-Pareja
  • Rafael Llorca-Vivero
  • Jose Martinez-Serrano


Gil-Pareja S., Llorca-Vivero R. and Martinez-Serrano J. A. (2006) The border effect in Spain: the Basque Country case, Regional Studies 40, 335-345. This paper investigates the border effect on the Basque Country's trade, using a sample of 28 Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries between 1995 and 2001. The results indicate that after controlling for market size and distance, the Basque Country trades between 12 and 16 times more with the rest of Spain than it does with any other country. The Spanish bias is lower in the case of the Basque Country's exports than in the case of imports. With respect to the time evolution, the results show a downward trend. The analysis by trading partners reveals important differences even in the context of European Union countries. Gil-Pareja S., Llorca-Vivero R. et Martinez-Serrano J. A. (2006) L'effet frontiere en Espagne: etude de cas du pays Basque, Regional Studies 40, 335-345. A partir d'un echantillon de 28 pays-membres de l'OCDE, cet article cherche a examiner l'effet frontiere sur le commerce du pays Basque entre 1995 et 2001. Compte tenu de la taille du marche et de la distance, les resultats laissent voir que le commerce du pays Basque se fait de 12 a 16 fois plus avec le reste de l'Espagne qu'il ne se fait avec les pays tiers. Le biais espagnol est moins evident pour ce qui est du taux d'exportation du pays Basque par rapport au taux d'importation. Quant aux tendances sous-jacentes, les resultats laissent voir une tendance a la baisse. L'analyse de la ventilation du commerce laisse voir d'importantes differences, meme pour ce qui est des pays-membres de l'Ue. Effet frontiere Pays Basque Taux d'exportation Taux d'importation Gil-Pareja S., Llorca-Vivero R. und Martinez-Serrano J. A. (2006) Der Grenzeffekt in Spanien: der Fall des Baskenlandes, Regional Studies 40, 335-345. Dieser Aufsatz untersucht die Auswirkung der Grenze auf den Handel im Baskenland, wobei er sich auf eine Stichprobe von 28 OECD Landern im Zeitraum 1995-2001 stutzt. Die Ergebnisse zeigen, dass nach Berucksichtigung des Handelsvolumens und der Entfernung das Baskenland zwolf bis zu sechzehn mal soviel Handel mit dem ubrigen Spanien treibt wie mit irgend einem anderen Land. Die spanische Ausrichtung auf das Baskenland erweist sich als geringer betreff baskischer Exporte als im Fall von Importen. Hinsichtlich Entwicklung des Handels im Laufe der Zeit weisen die Ergebnisse eine abnehmende Tendenz auf. Im Hinblick auf Handelspartner lasst die Analyse sogar im Zusammenhang mit EU Landern bedeutende Unterschiede erkennen. Grenzeffekt Baskenland Ausfuhren Einfuhren Gil-Pareja S., Llorca-Vivero R. y Martinez-Serrano J. A. (2006) El efecto frontera en Espana: el caso del Pais Vasco, Regional Studies 40, 335-345. Este articulo investiga el efecto frontera en el comercio del Pais Vasco utilizando una muestra de 28 paises de la OCDE que comprende el periodo 1995-2001. Los resultados indican que, tras controlar por el tamano del mercado y la distancia, el Pais Vasco comercia entre 12 y 16 veces mas con el resto de Espana que con cualquier otro pais de la muestra. El sesgo espanol es menor en el caso de las exportaciones que en el de las importaciones del Pais Vasco. Con respecto a la evolucion temporal, los resultados revelan una tendencia descendente en la magnitud del sesgo domestico. El analisis por socios comerciales muestra diferencias importantes incluso en el contexto de los paises de la Union Europea. Efecto fronterizo El Pais Vasco Exportaciones Importaciones

Suggested Citation

  • Salvador Gil-Pareja & Rafael Llorca-Vivero & Jose Martinez-Serrano, 2006. "The border effect in Spain: The Basque Country case," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 40(4), pages 335-345.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:40:y:2006:i:4:p:335-345
    DOI: 10.1080/00343400600725186

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Nuria Gallego & Carlos Llano, 2014. "The Border Effect and the Nonlinear Relationship between Trade and Distance," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 22(5), pages 1016-1048, November.
    2. Salvador Gil-Pareja & Rafael Llorca & Josè A. Martinez-Serrano, 2011. "Is There A Continental Bias In Trade?," ERSA conference papers ersa10p792, European Regional Science Association.
    3. Ghemawat, Pankaj & Llano, Carlos & Requena, Francisco, 2009. "Rethinking regional competitiveness: Catalonia's international and interregional trade, 1995-2006," IESE Research Papers D/802, IESE Business School.
    4. Michael Moritz, 2011. "The Impact of Czech Commuters on the German Labour Market," Prague Economic Papers, University of Economics, Prague, vol. 2011(1), pages 40-58.
    5. repec:bla:tvecsg:v:108:y:2017:i:2:p:141-156 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Ghemawat, Pankaj & Llano, Carlos & Requena, Francisco, 2010. "Competitiveness and interregional as well as international trade: The case of Catalonia," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 28(4), pages 415-422, July.

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    Border effect; Basque Country; Exports; Imports;


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