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The Trade and Welfare Impacts of Australian Quarantine Policies: The Case of Pigmeat

  • John Beghin
  • Mark Melatos

Abstract: We analyze the trade and welfare impact of quarantine measures imposed by Australiaon imports of pigmeat. In particular, we account for changes to Australia’s pigmeat quarantinepolicy over time including those changes related to the recent resolution of a WTO disputebetween Australia and the European Union. Using a random utility model, and applying it tocorner solutions in import decisions, tariff equivalents (by major trading partner) are estimatedfor the different pigmeat quarantine regimes implemented by Australia during the period 1988-2009. The welfare impact on consumers, producers, and foreign exporters is computed using apartial equilibrium model calibrated on the econometric estimates. The quarantine regimes havea strong effect on trade and welfare with a tariff equivalent above 113% of average real worldprices over the period analyzed.

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File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1111/j.1467-9701.2012.01459.x
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Article provided by Wiley Blackwell in its journal The World Economy.

Volume (Year): 35 (2012)
Issue (Month): 8 (08)
Pages: 1006-1021

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Handle: RePEc:bla:worlde:v:35:y:2012:i:8:p:1006-1021
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