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The Trade and Welfare Impact of Australian Quarantine Policies: The Case of Pigmeat

  • Beghin, John C.
  • Melatos, Mark

Abstract: We analyze the trade and welfare impact of quarantine measures imposed by Australiaon imports of pigmeat. In particular, we account for changes to Australia’s pigmeat quarantinepolicy over time including those changes related to the recent resolution of a WTO disputebetween Australia and the European Union. Using a random utility model, and applying it tocorner solutions in import decisions, tariff equivalents (by major trading partner) are estimatedfor the different pigmeat quarantine regimes implemented by Australia during the period 1988-2009. The welfare impact on consumers, producers, and foreign exporters is computed using apartial equilibrium model calibrated on the econometric estimates. The quarantine regimes havea strong effect on trade and welfare with a tariff equivalent above 113% of average real worldprices over the period analyzed.

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File URL: http://www.econ.iastate.edu/sites/default/files/publications/papers/p14134-2011-08-22.pdf
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Paper provided by Iowa State University, Department of Economics in its series Staff General Research Papers with number 34134.

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Date of creation: 16 Jan 2012
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Publication status: Published in World Economy, August 2012, vol. 35 no. 8, pp. 1006-1021
Handle: RePEc:isu:genres:34134
Contact details of provider: Postal: Iowa State University, Dept. of Economics, 260 Heady Hall, Ames, IA 50011-1070
Phone: +1 515.294.6741
Fax: +1 515.294.0221
Web page: http://www.econ.iastate.edu
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  1. Thomas Chaney, 2008. "Distorted Gravity: The Intensive and Extensive Margins of International Trade," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 98(4), pages 1707-21, September.
  2. Elhanan Helpman & Marc Melitz & Yona Rubinstein, 2008. "Estimating Trade Flows: Trading Partners and Trading Volumes," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 123(2), pages 441-487, 05.
  3. Yue, Chengyan & Beghin, John C. & Jensen, Helen H., 2005. "Tariff Equivalent of Technical Barriers to Trade with Imperfect Substitution and Trade Costs," 2005 Annual meeting, July 24-27, Providence, RI 19253, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
  4. David Hummels & Alexandre Skiba, 2002. "Shipping the Good Apples Out? An Empirical Confirmation of the Alchian-Allen Conjecture," NBER Working Papers 9023, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Tanner, Carolyn & Nunn, Mike J., 1998. "Australian quarantine post the Nairn Review," Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 42(4), December.
  6. Chengyan Yue & John C. Beghin, 2009. "Tariff Equivalent and Forgone Trade Effects of Prohibitive Technical Barriers to Trade," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 91(4), pages 930-941.
  7. Wales, T. J. & Woodland, A. D., 1983. "Estimation of consumer demand systems with binding non-negativity constraints," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 21(3), pages 263-285, April.
  8. Everett B. Peterson & David Orden, 2008. "Avocado Pests and Avocado Trade," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 90(2), pages 321-335.
  9. Tanner, Carolyn, 1997. "Principles of Australian Quarantine," Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 41(4), December.
  10. Anderson, Kym & James, Sarah, 1998. "On the Need for More Economic Assessment of Quarantine/SPS Policies," CEPR Discussion Papers 1934, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  11. Tanner, Carolyn & Nairn, Malcolm, 1997. "Principles of Australian Quarantine," 1997 Conference (41st), January 22-24, 1997, Gold Coast, Australia 135413, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society.
  12. Yue, Chengyan & Beghin, John C., 2007. "The Tariff Equivalent and Forgone Trade Effects of Prohibitive Technical Barriers to Trade," 2007 Annual Meeting, July 29-August 1, 2007, Portland, Oregon TN 10000, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
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