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Heterogeneous determinants of local unemployment in Poland

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Listed:
  • Piotr Ciżkowicz
  • Michał Kowalczuk
  • Andrzej Rzońca

Abstract

We identify determinants of large disparities in local unemployment rates across Poland. Using an extensive panel data-set on the NUTS-4 level (i.e. the poviats level, or districts or counties level) we examine a wide range of determinants of local unemployment. Our research examines two groups of the determinants: one related to equilibrium theory and the other related to disequilibrium theory of local unemployment. We find that demographics, education and sectoral employment composition exert a stronger impact over rates of local unemployment than various demand factors. The impact of the determinants, while robust for outliers, is not homogeneous across Polish regions. In particular, in the most depressed local labour markets, skill improvement programmes do not appear to work and unemployment rates are relatively less responsive to investment. Our research suggests that there is no easy cure for local unemployment in Poland, but a few policies have the potential to slightly reduce existing disparities.

Suggested Citation

  • Piotr Ciżkowicz & Michał Kowalczuk & Andrzej Rzońca, 2016. "Heterogeneous determinants of local unemployment in Poland," Post-Communist Economies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 28(4), pages 487-519, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:pocoec:v:28:y:2016:i:4:p:487-519
    DOI: 10.1080/14631377.2016.1226784
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    Cited by:

    1. Maciej Beręsewicz & Dagmara Nikulin, 2018. "Informal employment in Poland: an empirical spatial analysis," Spatial Economic Analysis, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 13(3), pages 338-355, July.
    2. Paulina Broniatowska & Aleksandra Majchrowska & Zbigniew Zolkiewski, 2015. "Minimum wage and youth unemployment in local labor markets in Poland," Lodz Economics Working Papers 4/2015, University of Lodz, Faculty of Economics and Sociology.
    3. Cizkowicz, Piotr & Cizkowicz-Pekala, Magda & Pekala, Piotr & Rzonca, Andrzej, 2015. "The Effects of Polish Special Economic Zones on Employment and Investment: Spatial Panel Modelling Perspective," MPRA Paper 63176, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. repec:bla:presci:v:97:y:2018:i:4:p:1227-1246 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Piotr Ciżkowicz & Magda Ciżkowicz-Pękała & Piotr Pękała & Andrzej Rzońca, 2017. "The effects of special economic zones on employment and investment: a spatial panel modeling perspective," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 17(3), pages 571-605.
    6. repec:pes:ieroec:v:9:y:2018:i:3:p:361-380 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. repec:taf:oxdevs:v:45:y:2017:i:3:p:366-391 is not listed on IDEAS

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    JEL classification:

    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population

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