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Food Security and Nutrition in Bangladesh: Progress and Determinants

Author

Listed:
  • Mahabub Hossain

    () (International Rice Research Institute Manila, Philippines)

  • Firdousi Naher

    (Department of Economics, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh)

  • Quazi Shahabuddin

    (Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies, Bangladesh)

Abstract

For Bangladesh food security was synonymous with achieving self-sufficiency in rice production and stabilization in rice prices. The country has made good progress in increasing rice production through technological progress, facilitated by private sector investment in small scale irrigation. But, it is difficult to sustain the progress made in view of the growing pressure of population on scarce land resources. Domestic food grain production remains susceptible to floods and droughts thereby perpetuating the threat of major production shortfalls, inadequate food availability, and vulnerability from fluctuation in prices. The availability of other foods has not increased, and the progress in nutritional outcome has remained slow. Forty percent of the population lives below the poverty line, and income inequality has been worsening. This paper assesses the trends in factors that affect food production, availability of food and their impact on nutrition outcomes. It also probes into the trends in poverty and distribution of income and access to food through markets.

Suggested Citation

  • Mahabub Hossain & Firdousi Naher & Quazi Shahabuddin, 2005. "Food Security and Nutrition in Bangladesh: Progress and Determinants," The Electronic Journal of Agricultural and Development Economics, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, vol. 2(2), pages 103-132.
  • Handle: RePEc:fao:tejade:v:2:y:2005:i:2:p:103-132
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Sen, Binayak, 2003. "Drivers of Escape and Descent: Changing Household Fortunes in Rural Bangladesh," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 31(3), pages 513-534, March.
    2. Shahabuddin, Quazi & Dorosh, Paul A., 2002. "Comparative advantage in Bangladesh crop production," MSSD discussion papers 47, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    3. Dorosh, Paul A. & Haggblade, Steven, 1997. "Shifting sands: The changing case for monetizing project food aid in Bangladesh," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 25(12), pages 2093-2104, December.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Jabbar, M.A. & Ziauddin, A.T.M. & Abedin, M.Z., 2011. "Impact Of An Agricultural Development Project On Technology Adoption And Crop Yields Of Resource Poor Farmers In Bangladesh," Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Economics, Bangladesh Agricultural University, vol. 34(1-2).
    2. Davidson, Kelly A. & Kropp, Jaclyn D., 2017. "Does Market Access Improve Dietary Diversity? Evidence from Bangladesh," 2017 Annual Meeting, February 4-7, 2017, Mobile, Alabama 252854, Southern Agricultural Economics Association.
    3. Zhang, Xiaobo & Rashid, Shahidur & Ahmad, Kaikaus & Ahmed, Akhter, 2014. "Escalation of Real Wages in Bangladesh: Is it the Beginning of Structural Transformation?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 64(C), pages 273-285.
    4. Habibullah, M. & Masjuki, H.H. & Kalam, M.A. & Rahman, S.M. Ashrafur & Mofijur, M. & Mobarak, H.M. & Ashraful, A.M., 2015. "Potential of biodiesel as a renewable energy source in Bangladesh," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 819-834.
    5. Payne, Hannah E. & Gray, Bobbi & Davis, Siena F. & Hine, Cassidy A. & Das, Arindam & Kabra, Manisha & Crookston, Benjamin T., 2016. "Factors associated with food insecurity among women and children in rural Rajasthan, India," Journal of Gender, Agriculture and Food Security, Africa Centre for Gender, Social Research and Impact Assessment, vol. 1(3), November.
    6. repec:eee:wodepe:v:4:y:2016:i:c:p:48-59 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Jabbar, Mohammad A & Ziauddin, A T M & Abedin, M Zainul, 2010. "Towards improving food security and sustainable livelihoods of resource poor farmers in Bangladesh: Impact of the FoSHoL project," Research Reports 208731, International Livestock Research Institute.
    8. Nahar, Bodrun & Siriwardana, Mahinda, 2009. "Trade Liberalisation and Poverty in Bangladesh: A General Equilibrium Approach," 2009 Conference (53rd), February 11-13, 2009, Cairns, Australia 47629, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society.
    9. Domènech, Laia, 2015. "Is reliable water access the solution to undernutrition? A review of the potential of irrigation to solve nutrition and gender gaps in Africa South of the Sahara:," IFPRI discussion papers 1428, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    10. Bose, Manik Lal & Dey, Madan Mohan, 2007. "Food and Nutritional Security in Bangladesh: Going beyond Carbohydrate Counts," Agricultural Economics Research Review, Agricultural Economics Research Association (India), vol. 20(2).
    11. Begum, M.E.A & D'Haese, Luc, 2010. "Supply and demand situations for major crops and food items in Bangladesh," Journal of the Bangladesh Agricultural University, Bangladesh Agricultural University Research System (BAURES), vol. 8.
    12. Namara, Regassa E. & Hanjra, Munir A. & Castillo, Gina E. & Ravnborg, Helle Munk & Smith, Lawrence & Van Koppen, Barbara, 2010. "Agricultural water management and poverty linkages," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 97(4), pages 520-527, April.
    13. repec:spr:grdene:v::y::i::d:10.1007_s10726-017-9534-x is not listed on IDEAS
    14. repec:spr:grdene:v:26:y:2017:i:6:d:10.1007_s10726-017-9534-x is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Bangladesh; food security; nutrition; poverty; safety nets; natural disasters;

    JEL classification:

    • Q10 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - General
    • I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Behavior
    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • Q18 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy

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