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Farm diversification and food and nutrition security in Bangladesh: empirical evidence from nationally representative household panel data

Author

Listed:
  • Abu Hayat Md. Saiful Islam

    (Tufts University
    Bangladesh Agricultural University (BAU)
    University of Bonn)

  • Joachim Braun

    (University of Bonn)

  • Andrew L. Thorne-Lyman

    (Johns Hopkins University
    Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health)

  • Akhter U. Ahmed

    (International Food Policy Research Institute)

Abstract

Existing literature suggests that farm production diversification has the potential to influence the diet diversity of farmers, but that the magnitude of the association is likely to vary by context and the underlying causal mechanisms are not well understood. This study analyzed the nexus between farm diversification and diet diversity using two round of nationally representative panel data from the Bangladesh Integrated Household Survey (BIHS), collected in 2011/12 and 2015. We used several indicators of dietary diversity including the Household Dietary Diversity Score (HDDS), Women’s Dietary Diversity Score (WDDS), and the Food Variety Score (FVS). To measure farm diversification we used the total number of crop, vegetable and fruit species, the number of food crop species only, and the Margalef species richness index. We found robust evidence for a positive association between farm diversification and diet diversity, even when controlling for unobserved heterogeneity across households using the conditional fixed effect Poisson model in order to take advantage of the panel structure of the data. The magnitude of the estimated effect was small. Analysis of other factors indicates that market access, commercialization of farms, diversification of income towards off farm sources and women’s empowerment also have positive and significant effects on household dietary diversity. These findings suggest that it may be necessary to couple efforts to increase farm diversity, market access, farm commercialization and income diversification with women’s empowerment in order to improve dietary diversity in Bangladesh. Further research is needed to better understand these complex relationships including their ultimate associations with nutritional status.

Suggested Citation

  • Abu Hayat Md. Saiful Islam & Joachim Braun & Andrew L. Thorne-Lyman & Akhter U. Ahmed, 2018. "Farm diversification and food and nutrition security in Bangladesh: empirical evidence from nationally representative household panel data," Food Security: The Science, Sociology and Economics of Food Production and Access to Food, Springer;The International Society for Plant Pathology, vol. 10(3), pages 701-720, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:ssefpa:v:10:y:2018:i:3:d:10.1007_s12571-018-0806-3
    DOI: 10.1007/s12571-018-0806-3
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    17. Khandoker, Sayla & Singh, Alka, 2021. "Women’s Decision Making Autonomy in Household and Its Effect on Dietary Diversity: Evidence from Nationally Representative Panel Data of Bangladesh," 2021 Conference, August 17-31, 2021, Virtual 315207, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    18. Sriroop Chaudhuri & Mimi Roy & Louis M. McDonald & Yves Emendack, 2021. "Coping Behaviours and the concept of Time Poverty: a review of perceived social and health outcomes of food insecurity on women and children," Food Security: The Science, Sociology and Economics of Food Production and Access to Food, Springer;The International Society for Plant Pathology, vol. 13(4), pages 1049-1068, August.
    19. Sekabira, Haruna & Nalunga, Shamim & Umwungerimwiza, Yves Didier & Nazziwa, Lydia & Ddungu, Stanley Peter, 2021. "Household Farm Production Diversity and Micronutrient Intake: Where Are the Linkages? Panel Data Evidence from Uganda," 2021 Conference, August 17-31, 2021, Virtual 315013, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    20. Orkhan Sariyev & Tim K. Loos & Ling Yee Khor, 2021. "Intra-household decision-making, production diversity, and dietary quality: a panel data analysis of Ethiopian rural households," Food Security: The Science, Sociology and Economics of Food Production and Access to Food, Springer;The International Society for Plant Pathology, vol. 13(1), pages 181-197, February.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Farm diversification; Household and women’s dietary diversity score; Panel data; Poisson fixed effect; Food and nutrition security; Bangladesh;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products
    • Q18 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy
    • D13 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Household Production and Intrahouse Allocation
    • C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models

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