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Agricultural Diversity and Child Stunting in Nepal


  • Gerald Shively
  • Celeste Sununtnasuk


This article investigates empirical connections between agriculture and child nutrition in Nepal. We augment the standard approach to explaining child nutrition outcomes by including information about household level agricultural production characteristics, including indicators of agricultural diversity. Data from the 2010/2011 Nepal Living Standards Survey (NLSS) are used in a series of regression models to explain stunting outcomes and variation in height-for-age Z-scores among 1,769 children 0-59 months of age. Results highlight the relative importance of overall agricultural yields, specific crop groups, and the consumption of own-production as factors correlated with long-term nutrition among children of different age groups. We find a small positive association between the degree of commercial market-orientation of households and child HAZ, but only among children under 24 months of age.

Suggested Citation

  • Gerald Shively & Celeste Sununtnasuk, 2015. "Agricultural Diversity and Child Stunting in Nepal," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 51(8), pages 1078-1096, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:jdevst:v:51:y:2015:i:8:p:1078-1096
    DOI: 10.1080/00220388.2015.1018900

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Gerald E. Shively & Jared Gars & Celeste Sununtnasuk, 2011. "A Review Of Food Security And Human Nutrition Issues In Nepal," Working Papers 11-5 Classification-JEL :, Purdue University, College of Agriculture, Department of Agricultural Economics.
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    Cited by:

    1. Kim, Jongwoo & Mason, Nicole M. & Snapp ,Sieglinde, 2017. "Does Sustainable Intensification of Maize Production Enhance Child Nutrition? Evidence from Rural Tanzania," Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Food Security Policy Research Papers 265406, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics, Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Food Security (FSP).
    2. repec:eee:jfpoli:v:82:y:2019:i:c:p:28-38 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. repec:spr:ssefpa:v:10:y:2018:i:6:d:10.1007_s12571-018-0864-6 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Kim, Jongwoo & Mason, Nicole M. & Snapp, Sieglinde S., 2018. "Does sustainable intensification of maize production enhance child nutrition? Evidence from rural Tanzania," 2018 Annual Meeting, August 5-7, Washington, D.C. 273906, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    5. Otterbach, Steffen & Rogan, Michael, 2017. "Spatial Differences in Stunting and Household Agricultural Production in South Africa: (Re-)Examining the Links Using National Panel Survey Data," IZA Discussion Papers 11008, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    6. Lovo, Stefania & Veronesi, Marcella, 2019. "Crop Diversification and Child Health: Empirical Evidence From Tanzania," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 158(C), pages 168-179.
    7. repec:spr:ssefpa:v:10:y:2018:i:3:d:10.1007_s12571-018-0806-3 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Thapa, Ganesh & Kumar, Anjani & Joshi, Pramod Kumar, 2017. "Agricultural diversification in Nepal: Status, determinants, and its impact on rural poverty," IFPRI discussion papers 1634, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    9. repec:spr:ssefpa:v:10:y:2018:i:3:d:10.1007_s12571-018-0793-4 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Ruel, Marie T. & Quisumbing, Agnes R. & Balagamwala, Mysbah, 2017. "Nutrition-sensitive agriculture: What have we learned and where do we go from here?:," IFPRI discussion papers 1681, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    11. Raghunathan, K., 2018. "Women's self-help groups, decision-making, and improved agricultural practices in India," 2018 Conference, July 28-August 2, 2018, Vancouver, British Columbia 277537, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    12. Bageant, Elizabeth & Liu, Yanyan & Diao, Xinshen, 2016. "Agriculture-nutrition linkages and child health in the presence of conflict in Nepal:," IFPRI discussion papers 1515, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    13. repec:eee:jfpoli:v:77:y:2018:i:c:p:1-18 is not listed on IDEAS
    14. Genova, Christian A. & Umberger, Wendy J. & Newman, Suzie & Peralta, Alexandra, 2017. "To Market, to Market: Does Smallholder Vegetable Production Lead to Increased Children's Diet Diversity and Improved Diet Quality? Empirical Evidence from Northwest Vietnam," 2017 Annual Meeting, July 30-August 1, Chicago, Illinois 258366, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    15. Mulmi, Prajula & Masters, William A. & Block, Steven A. & Webb, Patrick, 2017. "Farm production, child dietary intake and household wealth: Results from a nationally-representative survey in Nepal," 2017 Annual Meeting, July 30-August 1, Chicago, Illinois 259163, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    16. repec:eee:jfpoli:v:80:y:2018:i:c:p:10-23 is not listed on IDEAS
    17. Marenya, P. & Kassie, M. & Teklewold, H. & Erenstein, O. & Qaim, M. & Rahut, D., 2018. "Does the adoption of maize-legume cropping diversification and modern seeds affect nutritional security in Ethiopia? Evidence from panel data analysis," 2018 Conference, July 28-August 2, 2018, Vancouver, British Columbia 277170, International Association of Agricultural Economists.

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