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The impact of financial development on economic growth: Empirical analysis of emerging market countries


  • Najeb Masoud
  • Glenn Hardaker


Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to provide a theoretical framework that integrates the endogenous growth and functions of financial markets and institutions theory in order to investigate how the financial market and the banking sector develop indicators that affect economic growth in these countries. Design/methodology/approach - This paper is an empirical analysis of the relationship between financial development and economic growth for 42 emerging markets, over 12 years, using endogenous growth model. Findings - First, the results suggest that stock market development has a significant effect on economic growth, and this effect remains strong even after the influence of banking sector and other control variables using a growth model. Second, the research findings largely support the view that there is a stable, long-term equilibrium relationship between the evolution of the stock market and the evolution of the economy. Originality/value - The evidence supports the view that the relation between stock market development and economic growth in emerging economies is bi-directional. The findings describe that the stock market and the banking sector in emerging economy are complementary rather than substitutes in providing financial services to the economy.

Suggested Citation

  • Najeb Masoud & Glenn Hardaker, 2012. "The impact of financial development on economic growth: Empirical analysis of emerging market countries," Studies in Economics and Finance, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 29(3), pages 148-173, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:eme:sefpps:v:29:y:2012:i:3:p:148-173

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Sheilla Nyasha & Nicholas M. Odhiambo, 2017. "Are Banks and Stock Markets Complements Or Substitutes? Empirical Evidence from Three Countries," Managing Global Transitions, University of Primorska, Faculty of Management Koper, vol. 15(1 (Spring), pages 81-101.
    2. Sanjaya Kumar LENKA, 2015. "Does Financial Development Influence Economic Growth in India?," Theoretical and Applied Economics, Asociatia Generala a Economistilor din Romania - AGER, vol. 0(4(605), W), pages 159-170, Winter.
    3. Magda Kandil & Muhammad Shahbaz & Mantu Kumar Mahalik & Duc Khuong Nguyen, 2017. "The drivers of economic growth in China and India: globalization or financial development?," International Journal of Development Issues, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 16(1), pages 54-84, April.
    4. Sheilla Nyasha & Nicholas M. Odhiambo, 2015. "The Impact of Banks and Stock Market Development on Economic Growth in South Africa: an ARDL-bounds Testing Approach," Contemporary Economics, University of Finance and Management in Warsaw, vol. 9(1), April.
    5. Paramati, Sudharshan Reddy & Ummalla, Mallesh & Apergis, Nicholas, 2016. "The effect of foreign direct investment and stock market growth on clean energy use across a panel of emerging market economies," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 56(C), pages 29-41.
    6. Ghulam Akhmat & Khalid Zaman & Tan Shukui, 2014. "Impact of financial development on SAARC’S human development," Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, Springer, vol. 48(5), pages 2801-2816, September.
    7. M. Sani,, Nur Fatin Najwa & Ismail, Fathiyah & W. Mahmood, Wan Mansor, 2014. "Causal relationship between financial depth and economic growth: evidence from Asia-Pacific Countries," MPRA Paper 62188, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Paramati, Sudharshan Reddy & Apergis, Nicholas & Ummalla, Mallesh, 2017. "Financing clean energy projects through domestic and foreign capital: The role of political cooperation among the EU, the G20 and OECD countries," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 62-71.
    9. repec:agr:journl:v:4(605):y:2015:i:4(605):p:159-170 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Polat, Ali & Shahbaz, Muhammad & Ur Rehman, Ijaz & Satti, Saqlain Latif, 2013. "Revisiting Linkages between Financial Development, Trade Openness and Economic Growth in South Africa: Fresh Evidence from Combined Cointegration Test," MPRA Paper 51724, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 25 Nov 2013.


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