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Pension reform, the stock market, capital formation and economic growth: a critical commentary on the World Bank's proposals

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  • Singh, Ajit

Abstract

Abstract Proposing far-reaching reforms to the pension systems, the World Bank has recently suggested that the existing pay-as-you-go pension systems in many rich as well as poor countries, should be replaced by fully funded, mandatory, preferably private pensions, as the main pillars of the new system. It argues that these reforms will not only benefit the pensioners, but also enhance savings, promote capital formation and economic development. This paper provides a critical examination of the Bank's theses and concludes that it has adopted a one-sided view of the relationships between the key critical variables. The proposed reform may therefore neither protect the old nor achieve faster economic growth.

Suggested Citation

  • Singh, Ajit, 1996. "Pension reform, the stock market, capital formation and economic growth: a critical commentary on the World Bank's proposals," MPRA Paper 54924, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:54924
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    Cited by:

    1. Reece, Christopher & Sam, Abdoul G., 2012. "Impact of Pension Privatization on Foreign Direct Investment," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 40(2), pages 291-302.
    2. Grandolini*Grandolini, Gloria*Cerda, Luis, 1998. "The 1997 pension reform in Mexico," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1933, The World Bank.
    3. World Bank, 2000. "Nicaragua : Pension Reform Proposal," World Bank Other Operational Studies 14972, The World Bank.
    4. Zalewska, Anna, 2006. "Is locking domestic funds into the local market beneficial? Evidence from the Polish pension reforms," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 7(4), pages 339-360, December.
    5. Ymer Havolli & Ruzhdi Morina, 2016. "Development Of Kosovo Pension Saving Trust Fund," Eurasian Journal of Business and Management, Eurasian Publications, vol. 4(4), pages 56-70.
    6. Anna Zalewska, 2006. "Is Locking Domestic Funds into the Local Market Beneficial? Evidence from the Polish Pension Reforms," The Centre for Market and Public Organisation 06/153, Department of Economics, University of Bristol, UK.
    7. Srinivas, P.S. & Whitehouse, Edward & Yermo, Juan, 2000. "Regulating private pension funds’ structure, performance and investments: cross-country evidence," MPRA Paper 14753, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Ghilarducci, Teresa & Liebana, Patricia Ledesma, 2000. "Unions' Role in Argentine and Chilean Pension Reform," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 28(4), pages 753-762, April.
    9. Roberto J. Santillán Salgado & David López & Justo Montenegro, 2010. "Las Administradoras de Fondos de Pensiones y el desarrollo del mercado de capitales en Chile," Ensayos Revista de Economia, Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon, Facultad de Economia, vol. 0(2), pages 53-76, November.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Pensions; World Bank; private; mandatory; economic development; savings;

    JEL classification:

    • E2 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment
    • G1 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets
    • I10 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - General

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