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Pension Reform And Capital Markets: Are There Any (Hard) Links?



    (Escuela de Administración, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile)



    (Escuela de Administración, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile)

The creation of fully funded, privately managed pension systems may have significant positive direct effects on savings, growth and welfare. However, the indirect link, via capital market development, may be as important. This hypothesis is verified with evidence from emerging economies that have recently engaged in such reforms with a focus on Chile, Argentina and Peru. There is abundant qualitative and anecdotal evidence that relates pension reform with the accumulation of "institutional capital", with the existence of an adaptive legal framework, with increased specialization, transparency and integrity and even with better corporate governance. Evidence of increased financial innovation is also found while there is little evidence of bank disintermediation. In addition, time-series and panel data evidence is generally consistent with the following hypothetical effects: a reduction in the cost of capital; lower security-price volatility; and higher traded volumes. The evidence suggests that the indirect channel via capital market development may have important implications for economic growth and productivity.

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Article provided by Escuela de Administracion. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile. in its journal ABANTE.

Volume (Year): 5 (2002)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 77-149

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Handle: RePEc:pch:abante:v:5:y:2002:i:2:p:77-149
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