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Foreign Direct Investment and Economic Growth: The Role of Domestic Financial Sector

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  • Muhammad Arshad Khan

    (Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, Islamabad)

Abstract

Recent theoretical and empirical literature suggests that foreign direct investment (FDI) exerted positive impact on economic growth through the process of technological diffusion. The literature also suggests that the development of the domestic financial system of the host country is an important pre-condition for FDI to have a positive impact on economic growth. A welldeveloped domestic financial sector enhances efficient allocation of financial resources and improves the absorptive capacity of a country with respect to FDI inflows. Particularly, a more developed financial system positively contributes to the process of technological diffusion associated with foreign direct investment. In this study, we examine the link between FDI, domestic financial sector, and economic growth for Pakistan over the period 1972–2005. Empirical analysis is based on the bound testing approach of cointegration advanced by Pesaran, et al. (2001). The results suggest that FDI inflows exerted positive impact on economic growth in the short-run and the long-run if the domestic financial system has achieved a certain minimum-level development. The results further suggest that better domestic financial conditions not only attract foreign companies to invest in Pakistan, but also allow maximising the benefits of foreign investment

Suggested Citation

  • Muhammad Arshad Khan, 2007. "Foreign Direct Investment and Economic Growth: The Role of Domestic Financial Sector," PIDE-Working Papers 2007:18, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:pid:wpaper:2007:18
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    Cited by:

    1. Gulcin Elif Yucel, 2014. "FDI and Economic Growth: The Case of Baltic Countries," Research in World Economy, Research in World Economy, Sciedu Press, vol. 5(2), pages 115-134, September.
    2. repec:eur:ejesjr:72 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Irfan Ahmad Khan & Mazhar Mughal & Junaid Ahmed & Hongbo Cai, 2017. "Home and Host country determinants of financial investment flows to Pakistan," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 37(1), pages 361-376.
    4. Ali, Sharafat, 2014. "Inflation, Income Inequality and Economic Growth in Pakistan: A Cointegration Analysis," MPRA Paper 53706, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Muhammad Waqas Chughtai, 2014. "Effectiveness of Foreign Direct Investment on Economic Growth in Pakistan: A Policy Perspective Approach," Acta Universitatis Danubius. OEconomica, Danubius University of Galati, issue 10(4), pages 159-175, August.
    6. Lerato Mothibi & Lorainne Ferreira, 2019. "An Empirical Analysis of Foreign Direct Investment and Domestic Investment as Drivers of Economic Growth in South Africa," Proceedings of International Academic Conferences 9912016, International Institute of Social and Economic Sciences.
    7. Muhammad Tahir Mahmood, 2012. "Does Human Capital Expedite Economic Development? The Case of Pakistan," Journal of Economics and Behavioral Studies, AMH International, vol. 4(3), pages 163-171.
    8. Abdul, waheed & Syed tehseen, jawaid, 2010. "Inward foreign direct investment and aggregate imports: time series evidence from Pakistan," MPRA Paper 31270, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    9. Ahsen Mukhtar & Muhammad Asif & Ghamz-e-Ali Siyal & Khalid Zaman, 2014. "Institutional-Macroeconomic Nexus: Inducement on Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in Pakistan," International Journal of Economics and Empirical Research (IJEER), The Economics and Social Development Organization (TESDO), vol. 2(11), pages 465-479, November.
    10. Muhammad Irfan Chani & Muhammad Azam & Akmal Younas, 2014. "The Causal Relationship between Foreign Direct Investment, Imports and Exports in Pakistan," Bulletin of Business and Economics (BBE), Research Foundation for Humanity (RFH), vol. 3(3), pages 142-149, September.
    11. Ali, Murad, 2017. "Implementing the 2030 Agenda in Pakistan: the critical role of an enabling environment in the mobilisation of domestic and external resources," Discussion Papers 14/2017, German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Foreign Direct Investment; Financial Sector Development; Economic Growth; Technology Spillovers;

    JEL classification:

    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
    • F36 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Financial Aspects of Economic Integration
    • F43 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Economic Growth of Open Economies
    • O16 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Financial Markets; Saving and Capital Investment; Corporate Finance and Governance

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