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Income and Livelihoods in the War in Afghanistan

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  • Bove, Vincenzo
  • Gavrilova, Evelina

Abstract

We explore the impact of the insurgency and military deployment on the livelihoods of local communities in Afghanistan. We use monthly wages and commodity prices at the provincial level over the period 2003–09 and look for their response to conflict events and ISAF deployment. Overall we find that prices are more sensitive to deployment than to attacks. Commodity prices are not significantly affected by insurgent violence, which is consistent with coping strategies already in place. On the opposite, military deployment is associated with an increase in the levels of wages and commodity prices, as ISAF is a new source of uncertainty.

Suggested Citation

  • Bove, Vincenzo & Gavrilova, Evelina, 2014. "Income and Livelihoods in the War in Afghanistan," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 113-131.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:wdevel:v:60:y:2014:i:c:p:113-131
    DOI: 10.1016/j.worlddev.2014.03.021
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    Cited by:

    1. Kofol, Chiara & Ciarli, Tommaso, 2017. "Child Labor and Conflict: Evidence from Afghanistan," Discussion Papers 260275, University of Bonn, Center for Development Research (ZEF).
    2. Parlow, Anton, 2016. "Birth and Fertility during War: Afghanistan from 2007 to 2010," MPRA Paper 76366, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Anton Parlow, 2016. "State and Development: Child Mortality and the War on Terror: Afghanistan from 2007 to 2010," HiCN Working Papers 220, Households in Conflict Network.
    4. Parlow, Anton, 2016. "Adult Health Outcomes during War: The Case of Afghanistan," MPRA Paper 76365, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Floreani,Vincent Arthur & Lopez-Acevedo,Gladys C. & Rama,Martin G., 2016. "Conflict and Poverty in Afghanistan's Transition," Policy Research Working Paper Series 7864, The World Bank.
    6. Hamid Reza Oskorouchi, 2019. "Learning to Fight: Afghan Child Health and In‐utero Exposure to Conflict," Population and Development Review, The Population Council, Inc., vol. 45(2), pages 275-300, June.
    7. Vincenzo Bove & Leandro Elia, 2018. "Economic Development in Peacekeeping Host Countries," CESifo Economic Studies, CESifo, vol. 64(4), pages 712-728.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Afghanistan; consequences of conflict; coping strategies; military deployment;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D74 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Conflict; Conflict Resolution; Alliances; Revolutions
    • H56 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - National Security and War
    • J3 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs
    • J30 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - General
    • K42 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior - - - Illegal Behavior and the Enforcement of Law
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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