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Development Consequences of Armed Conflict

  • Gates, Scott
  • Hegre, Håvard
  • Nygård, Håvard Mokleiv
  • Strand, Håvard
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    This paper conducts the first analysis of the effect of armed conflict on progress in meeting the United Nation’s Millennium Development Goals. We also examine the effect of conflict on economic growth. Conflict has clear detrimental effects on the reduction of poverty and hunger, on primary education, on the reduction of child mortality, and on access to potable water. A medium-sized conflict with 2500 battle deaths is estimated to increase undernourishment an additional 3.3%, reduce life expectancy by about 1 year, increases infant mortality by 10%, and deprives an additional 1.8% of the population from access to potable water.

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    File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0305750X12001015
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    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal World Development.

    Volume (Year): 40 (2012)
    Issue (Month): 9 ()
    Pages: 1713-1722

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:wdevel:v:40:y:2012:i:9:p:1713-1722
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/worlddev

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    1. Messer, Ellen & Cohen, Marc J., 2004. "Breaking the links between conflict and hunger in Africa," Issue briefs 26, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    2. Clionadh Raleigh & Andrew Linke & HÃ¥vard Hegre & Joakim Karlsen, 2010. "Introducing ACLED: An Armed Conflict Location and Event Dataset," Journal of Peace Research, Peace Research Institute Oslo, vol. 47(5), pages 651-660, September.
    3. Matthew Blackwell & Stefano Iacus & Gary King & Giuseppe Porro, 2009. "cem: Coarsened exact matching in Stata," Stata Journal, StataCorp LP, vol. 9(4), pages 524-546, December.
    4. Malcolm D. Knight & Delano Villanueva & Norman Loayza, 1995. "The Peace Dividend: Military Spending Cuts and Economic Growth," IMF Working Papers 95/53, International Monetary Fund.
    5. Siyan Chen & Norman V. Loayza & Marta Reynal-Querol, 2007. "The aftermath of Civil War," Economics Working Papers 1043, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
    6. Frances Stewart & Frank Humphreys & Nick Lea, 1997. "Civil conflict in developing countries over the last quarter of a century: An empirical overview of economic and social consequences," Oxford Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 25(1), pages 11-41.
    7. Salehyan, Idean & Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede, 2006. "Refugees and the Spread of Civil War," International Organization, Cambridge University Press, vol. 60(02), pages 335-366, April.
    8. Paul Collier & V. L. Elliott & Håvard Hegre & Anke Hoeffler & Marta Reynal-Querol & Nicholas Sambanis, 2003. "Breaking the Conflict Trap : Civil War and Development Policy," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 13938.
    9. repec:uwe:journl:v:1:y:2006:i:1:p:30-39 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Messer, Ellen & Cohen, Marc J., 2004. "Breaking the links between conflict and hunger in Africa," 2020 vision briefs 10, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    11. Ghobarah, H.A.Hazem Adam & Huth, Paul & Russett, Bruce, 2004. "The post-war public health effects of civil conflict," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 59(4), pages 869-884, August.
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