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Exchange rate regimes and fiscal discipline: The role of trade openness

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  • Chowdhury, Mohammad Tarequl Hasan
  • Bhattacharya, Prasad Sankar
  • Mallick, Debdulal
  • Ulubaşoğlu, Mehmet Ali

Abstract

This study revisits the relationship between exchange rate regime (ERR) choice and fiscal discipline focusing on the role of trade openness. The conventional theoretical view is that fixed regimes bring about more fiscal discipline, while the recent literature argues that flexible regimes are more disciplinary. Empirical studies have provided mixed evidence. Using a panel dataset for a large number of developing and developed countries, as well as pooled panel OLS and instrumental variables (IV) estimation techniques, we find support for both views. We document that a fixed ERR is disciplinary at low levels of trade openness, while a flexible regime produces a greater fiscal discipline above a certain level of trade openness. Moreover, this relationship applies to only developing countries. These findings remain robust across different measures of fiscal outcomes, a number of controls, across different sub-samples, and are supported by both annual and five-year averaged panel data.

Suggested Citation

  • Chowdhury, Mohammad Tarequl Hasan & Bhattacharya, Prasad Sankar & Mallick, Debdulal & Ulubaşoğlu, Mehmet Ali, 2016. "Exchange rate regimes and fiscal discipline: The role of trade openness," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 106-128.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:reveco:v:45:y:2016:i:c:p:106-128
    DOI: 10.1016/j.iref.2016.04.013
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Dąbrowski, Marek A. & Papież, Monika & Śmiech, Sławomir, 2019. "Classifying de facto exchange rate regimes of financially open and closed economies: A statistical approach," MPRA Paper 91348, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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