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Persistence, Capital Account Openness, and Financial Sector Health in Exchange Rate Regime Choice

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  • Mohammad Tarequl Hasan Chowdhury
  • Prasad Sankar Bhattacharya
  • Debdulal Mallick
  • Mehmet Ali Ulubaşoğlu

Abstract

type="main" xml:id="ecor12204-abs-0001"> This paper investigates empirically the persistence in exchange rate regimes as well as the role of capital account openness and financial sector health (measured by financial development and financial sector fragility) in exchange rate regime determination for a panel of 143 countries covering the post-Bretton Woods period. The results demonstrate that while low- and high-income countries exhibit highly persistent exchange rate regimes, middle-income countries display relatively lower persistence. For middle-income countries, capital account openness and the level of financial development play important roles in exchange rate regime choice. The fragility of the financial sector does not affect the exchange rate regime determination.

Suggested Citation

  • Mohammad Tarequl Hasan Chowdhury & Prasad Sankar Bhattacharya & Debdulal Mallick & Mehmet Ali Ulubaşoğlu, 2015. "Persistence, Capital Account Openness, and Financial Sector Health in Exchange Rate Regime Choice," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 91(294), pages 279-299, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:ecorec:v:91:y:2015:i:294:p:279-299
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    1. Chowdhury, Mohammad Tarequl Hasan & Bhattacharya, Prasad Sankar & Mallick, Debdulal & Ulubaşoğlu, Mehmet Ali, 2016. "Exchange rate regimes and fiscal discipline: The role of trade openness," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 106-128.

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