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Regional implications of financial market development: Industry location and income inequality

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  • von Ehrlich, Maximilian
  • Seidel, Tobias

Abstract

We develop a heterogeneous-firms model with trade in goods, labor mobility and credit constraints due to moral hazard. Mitigating financial frictions reduces the incentive of mobile workers to migrate to one region such that an unequal distribution of industrial activity becomes less likely. Hence, financial market development has opposite regional implications as trade liberalization. While the former leads to more dispersion of economic activity across space, the latter tends to drive clustering. This has immediate implications for income inequality both between regions and workers. According to our model, financial development reduces inequality in both dimensions.

Suggested Citation

  • von Ehrlich, Maximilian & Seidel, Tobias, 2015. "Regional implications of financial market development: Industry location and income inequality," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 73(C), pages 85-102.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:eecrev:v:73:y:2015:i:c:p:85-102 DOI: 10.1016/j.euroecorev.2014.10.008
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    Cited by:

    1. Maximilian von Ehrlich & Tobias Seidel, 2016. "Financial Development and Inequality in the Global Economy," CESifo Working Paper Series 5776, CESifo Group Munich.
    2. Bezemer, Dirk & Samarina, Anna, 2016. "Debt Shift, Financial Development and Income Inequality in Europe," Research Report 16020-GEM, University of Groningen, Research Institute SOM (Systems, Organisations and Management).
    3. repec:gam:jsusta:v:9:y:2017:i:4:p:633-:d:96026 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Financial market development; Credit constraints; Migration; Heterogeneous firms; Trade;

    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • F36 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Financial Aspects of Economic Integration
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes

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