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Regional Implications of Financial Market Development: Credit Rationing, Trade, and Location

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  • Seidel, Tobias
  • von Ehrlich, Maximilian

Abstract

We develop a heterogeneous-fi rms model with trade in goods, labor mobility and credit constraints due to moral hazard. Mitigating fi nancial frictions reduces the incentive of high-skilled workers to migrate to one region such that an unequal distribution of industrial activity becomes less likely. Hence, financial market development has opposite regional implications as trade liberalization. While the former leads to more dispersion of economic activity across space, the latter tends to drive clustering. We provide empirical evidence for this hypothesis by combining industry-region variation in the spatial concentration of economic activity with information on the access to credit and the dependence on external finance. Our estimates for 20 European countries and eleven industries con firm that fi nancial market development mitigates the clustering of economic activity.

Suggested Citation

  • Seidel, Tobias & von Ehrlich, Maximilian, 2013. "Regional Implications of Financial Market Development: Credit Rationing, Trade, and Location," Annual Conference 2013 (Duesseldorf): Competition Policy and Regulation in a Global Economic Order 79700, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:vfsc13:79700
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. von Ehrlich, Maximilian & Seidel, Tobias, 2015. "Regional implications of financial market development: Industry location and income inequality," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 73(C), pages 85-102.
    2. Unger, Florian, 2016. "The Role of Financial Intermediation in International Trade," Annual Conference 2016 (Augsburg): Demographic Change 145855, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    3. von Ehrlich, Maximilian & Seidel, Tobias, 2013. "More similar firms — More similar regions? On the role of firm heterogeneity for agglomeration," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(3), pages 539-548.
    4. Irlacher, Michael & Unger, Florian, 2018. "Capital market imperfections and trade liberalization in general equilibrium," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 145(C), pages 402-423.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F36 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Financial Aspects of Economic Integration
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes

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