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Growth and Agglomeration

  • Martin, Philippe
  • Ottaviano, Gianmarco

This paper presents a model in which growth and geographic agglomeration of economic activities are mutually self reinforcing processes. Industrial agglomeration in one location spurs growth because it reduces the cost of innovation in that location through a pecuniary externality due to transaction costs. Growth fosters agglomeration because as the sector at the origin of innovation expands, new firms tend to locate close to this sector. The model can be interpreted as illustrating one mechanism behind the emergence of cities seen as centres for production and innovation, and is consistent with the episodes of simultaneous increases in growth rates and spatial agglomeration.

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Paper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 1529.

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Date of creation: Nov 1996
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Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:1529
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  1. Flam, Harry & Helpman, Elhanan, 1987. "Industrial policy under monopolistic competition," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(1-2), pages 79-102, February.
  2. Paul M Romer, 1999. "Endogenous Technological Change," Levine's Working Paper Archive 2135, David K. Levine.
  3. Dixit, Avinash K & Stiglitz, Joseph E, 1977. "Monopolistic Competition and Optimum Product Diversity," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 67(3), pages 297-308, June.
  4. Williamson, Jeffrey G., 1988. "Migration and urbanization," Handbook of Development Economics, in: Hollis Chenery & T.N. Srinivasan (ed.), Handbook of Development Economics, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 11, pages 425-465 Elsevier.
  5. Martin, Philippe & I.P. Ottaviano, Gianmarco, 1999. "Growing locations: Industry location in a model of endogenous growth," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 43(2), pages 281-302, February.
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