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When speculators meet suppliers: Positive versus negative feedback in experimental housing markets

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  • Bao, Te
  • Hommes, Cars

Abstract

Asset markets like stock markets are characterized by positive feedback through speculative demand. But the supply of housing is endogenous, and adds negative feedback to the housing market. We design an experimental housing market and study how the strength of the negative feedback, i.e., the price elasticity of supply, affects market stability. In the absence of endogenous housing supply, the experimental markets exhibit large bubbles and crashes because speculators coordinate on trend-following expectations. When the positive feedback through speculative demand is offset by the negative feedback of elastic housing supply the market stabilizes and prices converge to fundamental value. Individual expectations and aggregate market outcome are well described by the heuristics switching model. Our results suggest that negative feedback policies may stabilize speculative asset bubbles.

Suggested Citation

  • Bao, Te & Hommes, Cars, 2019. "When speculators meet suppliers: Positive versus negative feedback in experimental housing markets," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 107(C), pages 1-1.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:dyncon:v:107:y:2019:i:c:9
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jedc.2019.103730
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    Cited by:

    1. Martin, Carolin & Schmitt, Noemi & Westerhoff, Frank, 2021. "Heterogeneous expectations, housing bubbles and tax policy," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 183(C), pages 555-573.
    2. Mikhail Anufriev & Aleksei Chernulich & Jan Tuinstra, 2020. "Asset Price Volatility and Investment Horizons: An Experimental Investigation," Working Papers 20200053, New York University Abu Dhabi, Department of Social Science, revised Aug 2020.
    3. Kopányi, Dávid & Rabanal, Jean Paul & Rud, Olga A. & Tuinstra, Jan, 2019. "Can competition between forecasters stabilize asset prices in learning to forecast experiments?," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 109(C).
    4. Zhu, Jiahua & Bao, Te & Chia, Wai Mun, 2021. "Evolutionary selection of forecasting and quantity decision rules in experimental asset markets," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 182(C), pages 363-404.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Rational expectations; Learning; Housing bubble; Experimental economics;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C91 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments - - - Laboratory, Individual Behavior
    • C92 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments - - - Laboratory, Group Behavior
    • D83 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Search; Learning; Information and Knowledge; Communication; Belief; Unawareness
    • D84 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Expectations; Speculations
    • R30 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Real Estate Markets, Spatial Production Analysis, and Firm Location - - - General

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