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Coordination of Expectations in Asset Pricing Experiments

Author

Listed:
  • Cars Hommes

    (CeNDEF, Faculty of Economics and Econometrics, University of Amsterdam)

  • Joep Sonnemans

    (CeNDEF, Faculty of Economics and Econometrics, University of Amsterdam)

  • Jan Tuinstra

    (CeNDEF, Faculty of Economics and Econometrics, University of Amsterdam)

  • Henk van de Velden

    (CeNDEF, Faculty of Economics and Econometrics, University of Amsterdam)

Abstract

We investigate expectation formation in a controlled experimental en-vironment. Subjects are asked to predict the price in a standard asset pricingmodel. They do not have knowledge of the underlying market equilibrium equa-tions, but they know all past realized prices and their own predictions. Aggregatedemand of the risky asset depends upon the forecasts of the participants. The real-ized price is then obtained from market equilibrium with feedback from individualexpectations. Each market is populated by six subjects and a small fraction of fun-damentalist traders. Realized prices differ significantly from fundamental values.In some groups the asset price converges slowly to the fundamental price, in othergroups there are regular oscillations around the fundamental price. Participantscoordinate on a common prediction strategy. The individual prediction strategiescan be estimated and correspond, for a large majority of participants, to simplelinear autoregressive forecasting rules.

Suggested Citation

  • Cars Hommes & Joep Sonnemans & Jan Tuinstra & Henk van de Velden, 2003. "Coordination of Expectations in Asset Pricing Experiments," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 03-010/1, Tinbergen Institute.
  • Handle: RePEc:tin:wpaper:20030010
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. C. H. Hommes, 2001. "Financial markets as nonlinear adaptive evolutionary systems," Quantitative Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 1(1), pages 149-167.
    2. Frankel, Jeffrey A & Froot, Kenneth A, 1987. "Using Survey Data to Test Standard Propositions Regarding Exchange Rate Expectations," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 77(1), pages 133-153, March.
    3. Hommes, Cars & Sonnemans, Joep & Tuinstra, Jan & van de Velden, Henk, 2008. "Expectations and bubbles in asset pricing experiments," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 67(1), pages 116-133, July.
    4. Brock, William A. & Hommes, Cars H., 1998. "Heterogeneous beliefs and routes to chaos in a simple asset pricing model," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 22(8-9), pages 1235-1274, August.
    5. Schmalensee, Richard, 1976. "An Experimental Study of Expectation Formation," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 44(1), pages 17-41, January.
    6. Shiller, Robert J, 1990. "Speculative Prices and Popular Models," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 4(2), pages 55-65, Spring.
    7. Smith, Vernon L & Suchanek, Gerry L & Williams, Arlington W, 1988. "Bubbles, Crashes, and Endogenous Expectations in Experimental Spot Asset Markets," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 56(5), pages 1119-1151, September.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    experimental economics; expectations; asset pricing; coordination.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C91 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments - - - Laboratory, Individual Behavior
    • C92 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments - - - Laboratory, Group Behavior
    • D84 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Expectations; Speculations
    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates
    • G14 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Information and Market Efficiency; Event Studies; Insider Trading

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