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Positive expectations feedback experiments and number guessing games as models of financial markets

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  • Sonnemans, Joep
  • Tuinstra, Jan

Abstract

In repeated number guessing games choices typically converge quickly to the Nash equilibrium. In positive expectations feedback experiments, however, convergence to the equilibrium price tends to be very slow, if it occurs at all. Both types of experimental designs have been suggested as modeling essential aspects of financial markets. In order to isolate the source of the differences in outcomes we present several new experiments in this paper. We conclude that the feedback strength (i.e. the 'p-value' in standard number guessing games) is essential for the results.

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  • Sonnemans, Joep & Tuinstra, Jan, 2010. "Positive expectations feedback experiments and number guessing games as models of financial markets," Journal of Economic Psychology, Elsevier, vol. 31(6), pages 964-984, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:joepsy:v:31:y:2010:i:6:p:964-984
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    Cited by:

    1. Bottazzi, Giulio & Devetag, Giovanna & Pancotto, Francesca, 2011. "Does volatility matter? Expectations of price return and variability in an asset pricing experiment," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 77(2), pages 124-146, February.
    2. Bao, T. & Duffy, J., 2014. "Adaptive vs. eductive learning," Research Report 14002-EEF, University of Groningen, Research Institute SOM (Systems, Organisations and Management).
    3. Nobuyuki Hanaki & Eizo Akiyama & Ryuichiro Ishikawa, 2017. "Effects of eliciting long-run price forecasts on market dynamics in asset market experiments," Working Papers halshs-01263661, HAL.
    4. Bao, Te & Hommes, Cars & Sonnemans, Joep & Tuinstra, Jan, 2012. "Individual expectations, limited rationality and aggregate outcomes," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 36(8), pages 1101-1120.
    5. Nobuyuki Hanaki & Angela Sutan & Marc Willinger, 2016. "The Strategic Environment Effect in Beauty Contest Games," GREDEG Working Papers 2016-05, Groupe de REcherche en Droit, Economie, Gestion (GREDEG CNRS), University of Nice Sophia Antipolis.
    6. repec:pit:wpaper:518 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Heemeijer Peter & Hommes Cars & Sonnemans Joep & Tuinstra Jan, 2012. "An Experimental Study on Expectations and Learning in Overlapping Generations Models," Studies in Nonlinear Dynamics & Econometrics, De Gruyter, vol. 16(4), pages 1-49, October.
    8. repec:eme:rexezz:s0193-230620140000017002 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. repec:eee:gamebe:v:106:y:2017:i:c:p:188-208 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Tiziana Assenza & Te Bao & Cars Hommes & Domenico Massaro, 2014. "Experiments on Expectations in Macroeconomics and Finance," Research in Experimental Economics,in: Experiments in Macroeconomics, volume 17, pages 11-70 Emerald Publishing Ltd.
    11. Bao, Te & Duffy, John, 2016. "Adaptive versus eductive learning: Theory and evidence," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 83(C), pages 64-89.
    12. Nobuyuki Hanaki & Eizo Akiyama & Ryuichiro Ishikawa, 2016. "A Methodological Note on Eliciting Price Forecasts in Asset Market Experiments," GREDEG Working Papers 2016-02, Groupe de REcherche en Droit, Economie, Gestion (GREDEG CNRS), University of Nice Sophia Antipolis.
    13. Nobuyuki Hanaki & Eizo Akiyama & Ryuichiro Ishikawa, 2018. "Effects of different ways of incentivizing price forecasts on market dynamics and individual decisions in asset market experiments ," Post-Print hal-01712305, HAL.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Behavioral finance Number guessing game Beauty contest game Expectations feedback systems;

    JEL classification:

    • C91 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments - - - Laboratory, Individual Behavior
    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates

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