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The impact of naive advice and observational learning in beauty-contest games

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  • Martin G. Kocher

    ()

  • Matthias Sutter

    ()

  • Florian Wakolbinger

    ()

Abstract

We study the impact of advice or observation on the depth of reasoning in an experimental beauty-contest game. Both sources of information trigger faster convergence to the equilibrium. Yet, we find that subjects who receive naive advice outperform uninformed subjects permanently, whereas subjects who observe others' past behavior before making their decision do only have a temporary advantage over uninformed subjects. We show in a simulation that the latter result is due to subjects failing to make the most out of observing others.

Suggested Citation

  • Martin G. Kocher & Matthias Sutter & Florian Wakolbinger, 2007. "The impact of naive advice and observational learning in beauty-contest games," Working Papers 2007-01, Faculty of Economics and Statistics, University of Innsbruck.
  • Handle: RePEc:inn:wpaper:2007-01
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Sonnemans, Joep & Tuinstra, Jan, 2010. "Positive expectations feedback experiments and number guessing games as models of financial markets," Journal of Economic Psychology, Elsevier, vol. 31(6), pages 964-984, December.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    social learning; advice; observational learning; beauty-contest game;

    JEL classification:

    • C70 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Game Theory and Bargaining Theory - - - General
    • C72 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Game Theory and Bargaining Theory - - - Noncooperative Games
    • C92 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments - - - Laboratory, Group Behavior

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