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Empirical Investigation of the Environmental Kuznets Curve Hypothesis for Nitrous Oxide Emissions for Mongolia

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  • Maralgua Och

    (Graduate Institute of National Development, National Taiwan University; No. 1, Sec. 4, Roosevelt Road, 10617 Taipei, Taiwan.)

Abstract

A comprehensive set of econometric methods were employed on annual data for 1981-2012 to investigate the environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) hypothesis for nitrous oxide (NOx) emissions for Mongolia; the short- and long-run relationships between NOx emissions, income, exports, urbanization, and growth in the different sectors of the economy; and their consequent Granger causal relationships. A highly significant and robust long-run U-shaped relationship between NOx emissions and income was found; thereby, discrediting the existence of the environmental EKC. Furthermore, exports, urbanization, and growth in the industrial and services sectors were found to decrease - while growth in the agricultural sector was found to increase - NOx emissions. Finally, the findings have also exhibited significant short- and long-run Granger causal relationships amongst the variables; thereby, leading to policy recommendations which are briefly discussed.

Suggested Citation

  • Maralgua Och, 2017. "Empirical Investigation of the Environmental Kuznets Curve Hypothesis for Nitrous Oxide Emissions for Mongolia," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 7(1), pages 117-128.
  • Handle: RePEc:eco:journ2:2017-01-13
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    Cited by:

    1. Nuno Carlos Leitão, 2018. "Climate Change and Kuznets Curve: Portuguese Experience," Working Papers 2018.11, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.

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    Keywords

    Mongolia; Environmental Kuznets Curve Hypothesis; Nitrous Oxide Emissions;

    JEL classification:

    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products
    • O53 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Asia including Middle East
    • Q53 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Air Pollution; Water Pollution; Noise; Hazardous Waste; Solid Waste; Recycling
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth

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