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Environmental Kuznets curve in an open economy: A bounds testing and causality analysis for Tunisia

Listed author(s):
  • Shahbaz, Muhammad
  • Khraief, Naceur
  • Uddin, Gazi Salah
  • Ozturk, Ilhan

The environmental Kuznets curve hypothesis posits that in the early stages of economic growth environmental degradation and pollution increase. However, as a nation reaches a certain level of income, measured in per capita terms, the trend reverses. The postulated relationship thus produces an inverted U-shaped curve. The topic has drawn much academic interest in the context of developed and emerging nations.

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Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews.

Volume (Year): 34 (2014)
Issue (Month): C ()
Pages: 325-336

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Handle: RePEc:eee:rensus:v:34:y:2014:i:c:p:325-336
DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2014.03.022
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