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The environmental Kuznets curve and the role of coal consumption in India: Cointegration and causality analysis in an open economy

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  • Tiwari, Aviral Kumar
  • Shahbaz, Muhammad
  • Adnan Hye, Qazi Muhammad

Abstract

This study investigates the dynamic relationship between coal consumption, economic growth, trade openness and CO2 emissions in case of India. In doing so, Narayan and Popp, Journal of Applied Statistics 2010; 37:1425–1438, structural break unit test is applied to test the order of integration of the variables. Long run relationship between the variables is tested by applying the ARDL bounds testing approach to cointegration developed by Pesaran et al. Journal of Applied Econometrics 2001; 16:289–326.

Suggested Citation

  • Tiwari, Aviral Kumar & Shahbaz, Muhammad & Adnan Hye, Qazi Muhammad, 2013. "The environmental Kuznets curve and the role of coal consumption in India: Cointegration and causality analysis in an open economy," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 18(C), pages 519-527.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:rensus:v:18:y:2013:i:c:p:519-527
    DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2012.10.031
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Energy; Growth; Emissions; EKC;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • O1 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development
    • Q4 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy

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