Trade And The Environmental Kuznets Curve: Is Southern Africa A Pollution Haven?
Evidence that the environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) may be explained by trade patterns casts doubt on the oft-stated conclusion that economic growth automatically leads to environmental improvement. Trends in net exports as a proportion of consumption for both USA and UK trade with SACU were examined for various dirty industries. Some evidence of pollution haven effects is found, although a similar trend for clean industries suggests that this effect is weak. However, even a general shift in manufacturing industries from North to South (as opposed to a shift in specifically dirty industries) may explain the EKC to some extent. Copyright 2005 Economic Society of South Africa.
Volume (Year): 73 (2005)
Issue (Month): 4 (December)
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