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A Note on Testing for Environmental Kuznets Curves with Panel Data

  • Elbert Dijkgraaf

    (Erasmus University Rotterdam)

  • Herman Vollebergh

    (Erasmus University Rotterdam)

This paper casts doubt on empirical results based on panel estimations of an “inverted-U” relationship between per capita GDP and pollution. Using a new data set for OECD countries on carbon dioxide emissions for the period 1960-1997, we find that the crucial assumption of homogeneity across countries is problematic. Decisively rejected are model specifications that feature even weaker homogeneity assumptions than are commonly used. Furthermore, our results challenge the existence of an overall Environmental Kuznets Curve for carbon dioxide emissions.

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File URL: http://econwpa.repec.org/eps/othr/papers/0409/0409001.pdf
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Paper provided by EconWPA in its series Others with number 0409001.

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Length: 20 pages
Date of creation: 01 Sep 2004
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpot:0409001
Note: Type of Document - pdf; pages: 20. Is equal to FEEM working paper CLIM / 63.2001
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://econwpa.repec.org

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  1. William Harbaugh & Arik Levinson & David Wilson, 2000. "Reexamining the Empirical Evidence for an Environmental Kuznets Curve," NBER Working Papers 7711, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Gene M. Grossman & Alan B. Krueger, 1994. "Economic Growth and the Environment," NBER Working Papers 4634, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Holtz-Eakin, Douglas & Selden, Thomas M., 1995. "Stoking the fires? CO2 emissions and economic growth," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 57(1), pages 85-101, May.
  4. List, John A. & Gallet, Craig A., 1999. "The environmental Kuznets curve: does one size fit all?," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 31(3), pages 409-423, December.
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