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Trade and Transboundary Pollution

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  • Copeland, Brian R
  • Taylor, M Scott

Abstract

This paper examines how national income and trading opportunities interact to determine the level and incidence of world pollution. The authors find that free trade raises world pollution if incomes differ substantially across countries; if trade equalizes factor prices, human-capital-abundant countries lose from trade, while human-capital-scarce countries gain; international trade in pollution permits can lower world pollution even when governments' supply of permits is unrestricted; international income transfers may not affect world pollution or welfare; and attempts to manipulate the terms of trade with pollution policy leave world pollution unaffected. Copyright 1995 by American Economic Association.

Suggested Citation

  • Copeland, Brian R & Taylor, M Scott, 1995. "Trade and Transboundary Pollution," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 85(4), pages 716-737, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:aea:aecrev:v:85:y:1995:i:4:p:716-37
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    References listed on IDEAS

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