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The Role of Renewable Energy Consumption and Trade: Environmental Kuznets Curve Analysis for Sub-Saharan Africa Countries

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  • Ben Jebli, Mehdi
  • Ben Youssef, Slim
  • Ozturk, Ilhan

Abstract

Based on the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) hypothesis, this paper uses panel cointegration techniques to investigate the short and the long-run relationship between CO2 emissions, economic growth, renewable energy consumption and trade openness for a panel of 24 Sub-Saharan Africa countries over the period 1980-2010. The validity of the EKC hypothesis has not been supported for these countries. Short-run Granger causality results reveal that there is a bidirectional causality between emissions and economic growth; bidirectional causality between emissions and real exports; unidirectional causality from real imports to emissions; and unidirectional causality runs from trade (exports or imports) to renewable energy consumption. There is an indirect short-run causality running from emissions to renewable energy and an indirect short-run causality from GDP to renewable energy. In the long-run, the error correction term is statistically significant for emissions, renewable energy consumption and trade openness. The long-run estimates suggest that real GDP per capita and real imports per capita both have a negative and statistically significant impact on per capita CO2 emissions. The impact of the square of real GDP per capita and real exports per capita are both positive and statistically significant on per capita CO2 emissions. For the model with imports, renewable energy consumption per capita has a positive impact on per capita emissions. One policy recommendation is that Sub-Saharan countries should expand their trade exchanges particularly with developed countries and try to maximize their benefit from technology transfer generated by such trade relations as this increases their renewable energy consumption.

Suggested Citation

  • Ben Jebli, Mehdi & Ben Youssef, Slim & Ozturk, Ilhan, 2014. "The Role of Renewable Energy Consumption and Trade: Environmental Kuznets Curve Analysis for Sub-Saharan Africa Countries," MPRA Paper 54300, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:54300
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    Cited by:

    1. Yaya Keho, 2016. "Do Foreign Direct Investment and Trade lead to Lower Energy Intensity? Evidence from Selected African Countries," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 6(1), pages 1-5.
    2. repec:eee:rensus:v:75:y:2017:i:c:p:1130-1141 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Ben Jebli, Mehdi, 2015. "The Impact of Combustible Renewables and Waste Consumption and Transport on the Environmental Degradation: The Case of Tunisia," MPRA Paper 68038, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Sinha, Avik & Shahbaz, Muhammad, 2018. "Estimation of Environmental Kuznets Curve for CO2 emission: Role of renewable energy generation in India," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 119(C), pages 703-711.
    5. Florian Grosset & Phu Nguyen Van, 2016. "Consommation d’énergie et croissance économique en Afrique subsaharienne," Mondes en développement, De Boeck Université, vol. 0(4), pages 25-42.
    6. Ben Jebli, Mehdi & Ben Youssef, Slim, 2016. "Combustible renewables and waste consumption, agriculture, CO2 emissions and economic growth in Brazil," MPRA Paper 69694, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Maralgua Och, 2017. "Empirical Investigation of the Environmental Kuznets Curve Hypothesis for Nitrous Oxide Emissions for Mongolia," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 7(1), pages 117-128.
    8. Kwakwa, Paul Adjei, 2015. "An investigation into the determinants of hydropower generation in Ghana," MPRA Paper 68033, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    9. repec:ipg:wpaper:2014-482 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Ben Jebli, Mehdi & Ben Youssef, Slim, 2017. "Renewable energy, arable land, agriculture, CO2 emissions, and economic growth in Morocco," MPRA Paper 76798, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    11. Zoundi, Zakaria, 2017. "CO2 emissions, renewable energy and the Environmental Kuznets Curve, a panel cointegration approach," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 72(C), pages 1067-1075.
    12. Ben Jebli, Mehdi & Belloumi, Mounir, 2017. "Investigation of the causal relationships between combustible renewables and waste consumption and CO2 emissions in the case of Tunisian maritime and rail transport," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 71(C), pages 820-829.
    13. repec:ipg:wpaper:2014-574 is not listed on IDEAS
    14. repec:eco:journ2:2017-02-26 is not listed on IDEAS
    15. repec:ipg:wpaper:2014-483 is not listed on IDEAS
    16. Ben Jebli, Mehdi & Ben Youssef, Slim, 2015. "Renewable Energy Consumption and Agriculture: Evidence for Cointegration and Granger causality for Tunisian Economy," MPRA Paper 68018, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    17. Apergis, Nicholas & Ben Jebli, Mehdi, 2015. "Does Renewable Energy Consumption and Health Expenditure Decrease Carbon Dioxide Emissions? Evidence for sub-Saharan Africa Countries," MPRA Paper 68294, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    18. Palakiyèm Kpemoua, 2016. "Analysis Of The Link Between Economic Growth And Energy Consumption In Togo
      [Analyse Du Lien Entre Croissance Economique Et Consommation D'Energie Au Togo]
      ," Working Papers hal-01452909, HAL.
    19. repec:ipg:wpaper:2014-550 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Environmental Kuznets Curve; Renewable electricity consumption; International trade; Panel cointegration; Sub-Sahara.;

    JEL classification:

    • C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • O55 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Africa
    • Q43 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy and the Macroeconomy

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